PHP logo

PHP Version 7.3.18

System Linux ip-172-26-11-32 4.19.0-14-cloud-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.19.171-2 (2021-01-30) x86_64
Build Date Jun 9 2020 13:01:57
Configure Command './configure' '--prefix=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/php' '--enable-fpm' '--with-fpm-user=daemon' '--with-fpm-group=daemon' '--with-apxs2=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/apache2/bin/apxs' '--with-zlib-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--enable-mbstring=all' '--enable-soap' '--enable-bcmath' '--enable-ftp' '--with-xmlrpc' '--enable-cgi' '--with-imap=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/src/imap-2007f' '--with-imap-ssl=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-png-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-gd' '--with-zlib' '--with-curl=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-jpeg-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--enable-exif' '--with-openssl=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--enable-calendar' '--enable-ctype' '--enable-pcntl' '--enable-session' '--enable-zip' '--with-bz2=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--enable-sockets' '--with-mcrypt=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-icu-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-tidy=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-mysqli=mysqlnd' '--with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd' '--with-pdo_sqlite=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/sqlite' '--with-sqlite3=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/sqlite' '--with-iconv=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-libxml-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-xsl=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--enable-mbstring' '--with-freetype-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-gmp=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-gettext' '--enable-intl' '--with-readline=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-libzip=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-ldap=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--disable-huge-code-pages'
Server API FPM/FastCGI
Virtual Directory Support disabled
Configuration File (php.ini) Path /bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/php/lib
Loaded Configuration File /opt/bitnami/php/etc/php.ini
Scan this dir for additional .ini files (none)
Additional .ini files parsed (none)
PHP API 20180731
PHP Extension 20180731
Zend Extension 320180731
Zend Extension Build API320180731,NTS
PHP Extension Build API20180731,NTS
Debug Build no
Thread Safety disabled
Zend Signal Handling enabled
Zend Memory Manager enabled
Zend Multibyte Support provided by mbstring
IPv6 Support enabled
DTrace Support disabled
Registered PHP Streamshttps, ftps, compress.zlib, compress.bzip2, php, file, glob, data, http, ftp, phar, zip
Registered Stream Socket Transportstcp, udp, unix, udg, ssl, tls, tlsv1.0, tlsv1.1, tlsv1.2
Registered Stream Filterszlib.*, bzip2.*, convert.iconv.*, string.rot13, string.toupper, string.tolower, string.strip_tags, convert.*, consumed, dechunk
Zend logo This program makes use of the Zend Scripting Language Engine:
Zend Engine v3.3.18, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies
    with Zend OPcache v7.3.18, Copyright (c) 1999-2018, by Zend Technologies

Configuration

bcmath

BCMath support enabled
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
bcmath.scale00

bz2

BZip2 Support Enabled
Stream Wrapper support compress.bzip2://
Stream Filter support bzip2.decompress, bzip2.compress
BZip2 Version 1.0.6, 6-Sept-2010

calendar

Calendar support enabled

cgi-fcgi

php-fpm active
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
cgi.discard_path00
cgi.fix_pathinfo11
cgi.force_redirect11
cgi.nph00
cgi.redirect_status_envno valueno value
cgi.rfc2616_headers00
fastcgi.error_headerno valueno value
fastcgi.logging11
fpm.configno valueno value

Core

PHP Version 7.3.18
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
allow_url_fopenOnOn
allow_url_includeOffOff
arg_separator.input&&
arg_separator.output&&
auto_append_fileno valueno value
auto_globals_jitOnOn
auto_prepend_fileno valueno value
browscapno valueno value
default_charsetUTF-8UTF-8
default_mimetypetext/htmltext/html
disable_classesno valueno value
disable_functionsno valueno value
display_errorsOffOff
display_startup_errorsOffOff
doc_rootno valueno value
docref_extno valueno value
docref_rootno valueno value
enable_dlOffOff
enable_post_data_readingOnOn
error_append_stringno valueno value
error_logno valueno value
error_prepend_stringno valueno value
error_reporting498322527
expose_phpOnOn
extension_dir/opt/bitnami/php/lib/php/extensions/opt/bitnami/php/lib/php/extensions
file_uploadsOnOn
hard_timeout22
highlight.comment#FF8000#FF8000
highlight.default#0000BB#0000BB
highlight.html#000000#000000
highlight.keyword#007700#007700
highlight.string#DD0000#DD0000
html_errorsOnOn
ignore_repeated_errorsOffOff
ignore_repeated_sourceOffOff
ignore_user_abortOffOff
implicit_flushOffOff
include_path.:/opt/bitnami/php/lib/php.:/opt/bitnami/php/lib/php
input_encodingno valueno value
internal_encodingno valueno value
log_errorsOnOn
log_errors_max_len10241024
mail.add_x_headerOffOff
mail.force_extra_parametersno valueno value
mail.logno valueno value
max_execution_time120120
max_file_uploads2020
max_input_nesting_level6464
max_input_time300300
max_input_vars10001000
memory_limit512M512M
open_basedirno valueno value
output_buffering40964096
output_encodingno valueno value
output_handlerno valueno value
post_max_size40M40M
precision1414
realpath_cache_size4096K4096K
realpath_cache_ttl120120
register_argc_argvOffOff
report_memleaksOnOn
report_zend_debugOnOn
request_orderGPGP
sendmail_fromno valueno value
sendmail_path/usr/bin/sendmail -t -i /usr/bin/sendmail -t -i 
serialize_precision-1-1
short_open_tagOffOff
SMTPlocalhostlocalhost
smtp_port2525
sys_temp_dirno valueno value
syslog.facilityLOG_USERLOG_USER
syslog.filterno-ctrlno-ctrl
syslog.identphpphp
track_errorsOffOff
unserialize_callback_funcno valueno value
upload_max_filesize40M40M
upload_tmp_dir/opt/bitnami/php/tmp/opt/bitnami/php/tmp
user_dirno valueno value
user_ini.cache_ttl300300
user_ini.filename.user.ini.user.ini
variables_orderGPCSGPCS
xmlrpc_error_number00
xmlrpc_errorsOffOff
zend.assertions-1-1
zend.detect_unicodeOnOn
zend.enable_gcOnOn
zend.multibyteOffOff
zend.script_encodingno valueno value
zend.signal_checkOffOff

ctype

ctype functions enabled

curl

cURL support enabled
cURL Information 7.70.0
Age 6
Features
AsynchDNS Yes
CharConv No
Debug No
GSS-Negotiate No
IDN No
IPv6 Yes
krb4 No
Largefile Yes
libz Yes
NTLM Yes
NTLMWB Yes
SPNEGO No
SSL Yes
SSPI No
TLS-SRP Yes
HTTP2 No
GSSAPI No
KERBEROS5 No
UNIX_SOCKETS Yes
PSL No
HTTPS_PROXY Yes
MULTI_SSL No
BROTLI No
Protocols dict, file, ftp, ftps, gopher, http, https, imap, imaps, ldap, ldaps, pop3, pop3s, rtsp, smb, smbs, smtp, smtps, telnet, tftp
Host x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
SSL Version OpenSSL/1.1.1d
ZLib Version 1.2.11
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
curl.cainfo/opt/bitnami/common/openssl/certs/curl-ca-bundle.crt/opt/bitnami/common/openssl/certs/curl-ca-bundle.crt

date

date/time support enabled
timelib version 2018.03
"Olson" Timezone Database Version 2020.1
Timezone Database internal
Default timezone UTC
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
date.default_latitude31.766731.7667
date.default_longitude35.233335.2333
date.sunrise_zenith90.58333390.583333
date.sunset_zenith90.58333390.583333
date.timezoneUTCUTC

dom

DOM/XML enabled
DOM/XML API Version 20031129
libxml Version 2.9.4
HTML Support enabled
XPath Support enabled
XPointer Support enabled
Schema Support enabled
RelaxNG Support enabled

exif

EXIF Support enabled
Supported EXIF Version 0220
Supported filetypes JPEG, TIFF
Multibyte decoding support using mbstring enabled
Extended EXIF tag formats Canon, Casio, Fujifilm, Nikon, Olympus, Samsung, Panasonic, DJI, Sony, Pentax, Minolta, Sigma, Foveon, Kyocera, Ricoh, AGFA, Epson
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
exif.decode_jis_intelJISJIS
exif.decode_jis_motorolaJISJIS
exif.decode_unicode_intelUCS-2LEUCS-2LE
exif.decode_unicode_motorolaUCS-2BEUCS-2BE
exif.encode_jisno valueno value
exif.encode_unicodeISO-8859-15ISO-8859-15

fileinfo

fileinfo support enabled
libmagic 533

filter

Input Validation and Filtering enabled
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
filter.defaultunsafe_rawunsafe_raw
filter.default_flagsno valueno value

ftp

FTP support enabled
FTPS support enabled

gd

GD Support enabled
GD Version bundled (2.1.0 compatible)
FreeType Support enabled
FreeType Linkage with freetype
FreeType Version 2.4.8
GIF Read Support enabled
GIF Create Support enabled
JPEG Support enabled
libJPEG Version 8
PNG Support enabled
libPNG Version 1.5.26
WBMP Support enabled
XBM Support enabled
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
gd.jpeg_ignore_warning11

gettext

GetText Support enabled

gmp

gmp support enabled
GMP version 6.1.1

hash

hash support enabled
Hashing Engines md2 md4 md5 sha1 sha224 sha256 sha384 sha512/224 sha512/256 sha512 sha3-224 sha3-256 sha3-384 sha3-512 ripemd128 ripemd160 ripemd256 ripemd320 whirlpool tiger128,3 tiger160,3 tiger192,3 tiger128,4 tiger160,4 tiger192,4 snefru snefru256 gost gost-crypto adler32 crc32 crc32b fnv132 fnv1a32 fnv164 fnv1a64 joaat haval128,3 haval160,3 haval192,3 haval224,3 haval256,3 haval128,4 haval160,4 haval192,4 haval224,4 haval256,4 haval128,5 haval160,5 haval192,5 haval224,5 haval256,5

iconv

iconv support enabled
iconv implementation glibc
iconv library version 1.15
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
iconv.input_encodingno valueno value
iconv.internal_encodingno valueno value
iconv.output_encodingno valueno value

imagick

imagick moduleenabled
imagick module version 3.4.3
imagick classes Imagick, ImagickDraw, ImagickPixel, ImagickPixelIterator, ImagickKernel
Imagick compiled with ImageMagick version ImageMagick 6.9.8-3 Q16 x86_64 2020-06-09 http://www.imagemagick.org
Imagick using ImageMagick library version ImageMagick 6.9.8-3 Q16 x86_64 2020-06-09 http://www.imagemagick.org
ImageMagick copyright © 1999-2017 ImageMagick Studio LLC
ImageMagick release date 2020-06-09
ImageMagick number of supported formats: 226
ImageMagick supported formats 3FR, 3G2, 3GP, AAI, AI, ART, ARW, AVI, AVS, BGR, BGRA, BGRO, BMP, BMP2, BMP3, BRF, CAL, CALS, CANVAS, CAPTION, CIN, CIP, CLIP, CMYK, CMYKA, CR2, CRW, CUR, CUT, DATA, DCM, DCR, DCX, DDS, DFONT, DNG, DOT, DPX, DXT1, DXT5, EPDF, EPI, EPS, EPS2, EPS3, EPSF, EPSI, EPT, EPT2, EPT3, ERF, FAX, FILE, FITS, FRACTAL, FTP, FTS, G3, G4, GIF, GIF87, GRADIENT, GRAY, GROUP4, GV, H, HALD, HDR, HISTOGRAM, HRZ, HTM, HTML, HTTP, HTTPS, ICB, ICO, ICON, IIQ, INFO, INLINE, IPL, ISOBRL, ISOBRL6, JNG, JNX, JPE, JPEG, JPG, JPS, JSON, K25, KDC, LABEL, M2V, M4V, MAC, MAGICK, MAP, MASK, MAT, MATTE, MEF, MIFF, MKV, MNG, MONO, MOV, MP4, MPC, MPEG, MPG, MRW, MSL, MSVG, MTV, MVG, NEF, NRW, NULL, ORF, OTB, OTF, PAL, PALM, PAM, PANGO, PATTERN, PBM, PCD, PCDS, PCL, PCT, PCX, PDB, PDF, PDFA, PEF, PES, PFA, PFB, PFM, PGM, PICON, PICT, PIX, PJPEG, PLASMA, PNG, PNG00, PNG24, PNG32, PNG48, PNG64, PNG8, PNM, PPM, PREVIEW, PS, PS2, PS3, PSB, PSD, PTIF, PWP, RADIAL-GRADIENT, RAF, RAS, RAW, RGB, RGBA, RGBO, RGF, RLA, RLE, RMF, RW2, SCR, SCT, SFW, SGI, SHTML, SIX, SIXEL, SPARSE-COLOR, SR2, SRF, STEGANO, SUN, SVG, SVGZ, TEXT, TGA, THUMBNAIL, TIFF, TIFF64, TILE, TIM, TTC, TTF, TXT, UBRL, UBRL6, UIL, UYVY, VDA, VICAR, VID, VIFF, VIPS, VST, WBMP, WEBP, WMF, WMV, WMZ, WPG, X3F, XBM, XC, XCF, XPM, XPS, XV, YCbCr, YCbCrA, YUV
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
imagick.locale_fix00
imagick.progress_monitor00
imagick.skip_version_check00

imap

IMAP c-Client Version 2007f
SSL Support enabled
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
imap.enable_insecure_rshOffOff

intl

Internationalization supportenabled
ICU version 66.1
ICU Data version 66.1
ICU TZData version 2019c
ICU Unicode version 13.0
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
intl.default_localeno valueno value
intl.error_level00
intl.use_exceptions00

json

json support enabled
json version 1.7.0

ldap

LDAP Support enabled
Total Links 0/unlimited
API Version 3001
Vendor Name OpenLDAP
Vendor Version 20423
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
ldap.max_linksUnlimitedUnlimited

libxml

libXML support active
libXML Compiled Version 2.9.4
libXML Loaded Version 20904
libXML streams enabled

mbstring

Multibyte Support enabled
Multibyte string engine libmbfl
HTTP input encoding translation disabled
libmbfl version 1.3.2
oniguruma version 6.9.4
mbstring extension makes use of "streamable kanji code filter and converter", which is distributed under the GNU Lesser General Public License version 2.1.
Multibyte (japanese) regex support enabled
Multibyte regex (oniguruma) backtrack check On
Multibyte regex (oniguruma) version 6.9.4
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
mbstring.detect_orderno valueno value
mbstring.encoding_translationOffOff
mbstring.func_overload00
mbstring.http_inputno valueno value
mbstring.http_outputno valueno value
mbstring.http_output_conv_mimetypes^(text/|application/xhtml\+xml)^(text/|application/xhtml\+xml)
mbstring.internal_encodingno valueno value
mbstring.languageneutralneutral
mbstring.regex_stack_limit100000100000
mbstring.strict_detectionOffOff
mbstring.substitute_characterno valueno value

mysqli

MysqlI Supportenabled
Client API library version mysqlnd 5.0.12-dev - 20150407 - $Id: 7cc7cc96e675f6d72e5cf0f267f48e167c2abb23 $
Active Persistent Links 0
Inactive Persistent Links 0
Active Links 0
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
mysqli.allow_local_infileOffOff
mysqli.allow_persistentOnOn
mysqli.default_hostno valueno value
mysqli.default_port33063306
mysqli.default_pwno valueno value
mysqli.default_socket/opt/bitnami/mysql/tmp/mysql.sock/opt/bitnami/mysql/tmp/mysql.sock
mysqli.default_userno valueno value
mysqli.max_linksUnlimitedUnlimited
mysqli.max_persistentUnlimitedUnlimited
mysqli.reconnectOffOff
mysqli.rollback_on_cached_plinkOffOff

mysqlnd

mysqlndenabled
Version mysqlnd 5.0.12-dev - 20150407 - $Id: 7cc7cc96e675f6d72e5cf0f267f48e167c2abb23 $
Compression supported
core SSL supported
extended SSL supported
Command buffer size 4096
Read buffer size 32768
Read timeout 86400
Collecting statistics Yes
Collecting memory statistics No
Tracing n/a
Loaded plugins mysqlnd,debug_trace,auth_plugin_mysql_native_password,auth_plugin_mysql_clear_password,auth_plugin_sha256_password
API Extensions mysqli,pdo_mysql
mysqlnd statistics
bytes_sent 0
bytes_received 0
packets_sent 0
packets_received 0
protocol_overhead_in 0
protocol_overhead_out 0
bytes_received_ok_packet 0
bytes_received_eof_packet 0
bytes_received_rset_header_packet 0
bytes_received_rset_field_meta_packet 0
bytes_received_rset_row_packet 0
bytes_received_prepare_response_packet 0
bytes_received_change_user_packet 0
packets_sent_command 0
packets_received_ok 0
packets_received_eof 0
packets_received_rset_header 0
packets_received_rset_field_meta 0
packets_received_rset_row 0
packets_received_prepare_response 0
packets_received_change_user 0
result_set_queries 0
non_result_set_queries 0
no_index_used 0
bad_index_used 0
slow_queries 0
buffered_sets 0
unbuffered_sets 0
ps_buffered_sets 0
ps_unbuffered_sets 0
flushed_normal_sets 0
flushed_ps_sets 0
ps_prepared_never_executed 0
ps_prepared_once_executed 0
rows_fetched_from_server_normal 0
rows_fetched_from_server_ps 0
rows_buffered_from_client_normal 0
rows_buffered_from_client_ps 0
rows_fetched_from_client_normal_buffered 0
rows_fetched_from_client_normal_unbuffered 0
rows_fetched_from_client_ps_buffered 0
rows_fetched_from_client_ps_unbuffered 0
rows_fetched_from_client_ps_cursor 0
rows_affected_normal 0
rows_affected_ps 0
rows_skipped_normal 0
rows_skipped_ps 0
copy_on_write_saved 0
copy_on_write_performed 0
command_buffer_too_small 0
connect_success 0
connect_failure 0
connection_reused 0
reconnect 0
pconnect_success 0
active_connections 0
active_persistent_connections 0
explicit_close 0
implicit_close 0
disconnect_close 0
in_middle_of_command_close 0
explicit_free_result 0
implicit_free_result 0
explicit_stmt_close 0
implicit_stmt_close 0
mem_emalloc_count 0
mem_emalloc_amount 0
mem_ecalloc_count 0
mem_ecalloc_amount 0
mem_erealloc_count 0
mem_erealloc_amount 0
mem_efree_count 0
mem_efree_amount 0
mem_malloc_count 0
mem_malloc_amount 0
mem_calloc_count 0
mem_calloc_amount 0
mem_realloc_count 0
mem_realloc_amount 0
mem_free_count 0
mem_free_amount 0
mem_estrndup_count 0
mem_strndup_count 0
mem_estrdup_count 0
mem_strdup_count 0
mem_edupl_count 0
mem_dupl_count 0
proto_text_fetched_null 0
proto_text_fetched_bit 0
proto_text_fetched_tinyint 0
proto_text_fetched_short 0
proto_text_fetched_int24 0
proto_text_fetched_int 0
proto_text_fetched_bigint 0
proto_text_fetched_decimal 0
proto_text_fetched_float 0
proto_text_fetched_double 0
proto_text_fetched_date 0
proto_text_fetched_year 0
proto_text_fetched_time 0
proto_text_fetched_datetime 0
proto_text_fetched_timestamp 0
proto_text_fetched_string 0
proto_text_fetched_blob 0
proto_text_fetched_enum 0
proto_text_fetched_set 0
proto_text_fetched_geometry 0
proto_text_fetched_other 0
proto_binary_fetched_null 0
proto_binary_fetched_bit 0
proto_binary_fetched_tinyint 0
proto_binary_fetched_short 0
proto_binary_fetched_int24 0
proto_binary_fetched_int 0
proto_binary_fetched_bigint 0
proto_binary_fetched_decimal 0
proto_binary_fetched_float 0
proto_binary_fetched_double 0
proto_binary_fetched_date 0
proto_binary_fetched_year 0
proto_binary_fetched_time 0
proto_binary_fetched_datetime 0
proto_binary_fetched_timestamp 0
proto_binary_fetched_string 0
proto_binary_fetched_json 0
proto_binary_fetched_blob 0
proto_binary_fetched_enum 0
proto_binary_fetched_set 0
proto_binary_fetched_geometry 0
proto_binary_fetched_other 0
init_command_executed_count 0
init_command_failed_count 0
com_quit 0
com_init_db 0
com_query 0
com_field_list 0
com_create_db 0
com_drop_db 0
com_refresh 0
com_shutdown 0
com_statistics 0
com_process_info 0
com_connect 0
com_process_kill 0
com_debug 0
com_ping 0
com_time 0
com_delayed_insert 0
com_change_user 0
com_binlog_dump 0
com_table_dump 0
com_connect_out 0
com_register_slave 0
com_stmt_prepare 0
com_stmt_execute 0
com_stmt_send_long_data 0
com_stmt_close 0
com_stmt_reset 0
com_stmt_set_option 0
com_stmt_fetch 0
com_deamon 0
bytes_received_real_data_normal 0
bytes_received_real_data_ps 0

openssl

OpenSSL support enabled
OpenSSL Library Version OpenSSL 1.1.1d 10 Sep 2019
OpenSSL Header Version OpenSSL 1.1.1g 21 Apr 2020
Openssl default config /opt/bitnami/common/openssl/openssl.cnf
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
openssl.cafile/opt/bitnami/common/openssl/certs/curl-ca-bundle.crt/opt/bitnami/common/openssl/certs/curl-ca-bundle.crt
openssl.capathno valueno value

pcntl

pcntl supportenabled

pcre

PCRE (Perl Compatible Regular Expressions) Support enabled
PCRE Library Version 10.32 2018-09-10
PCRE Unicode Version 11.0.0
PCRE JIT Support enabled
PCRE JIT Target x86 64bit (little endian + unaligned)
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
pcre.backtrack_limit10000001000000
pcre.jit11
pcre.recursion_limit100000100000

PDO

PDO supportenabled
PDO drivers mysql, sqlite

pdo_mysql

PDO Driver for MySQLenabled
Client API version mysqlnd 5.0.12-dev - 20150407 - $Id: 7cc7cc96e675f6d72e5cf0f267f48e167c2abb23 $
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
pdo_mysql.default_socket/opt/bitnami/mysql/tmp/mysql.sock/opt/bitnami/mysql/tmp/mysql.sock

pdo_sqlite

PDO Driver for SQLite 3.xenabled
SQLite Library 3.32.2

Phar

Phar: PHP Archive supportenabled
Phar API version 1.1.1
Phar-based phar archives enabled
Tar-based phar archives enabled
ZIP-based phar archives enabled
gzip compression enabled
bzip2 compression enabled
OpenSSL support enabled
Phar based on pear/PHP_Archive, original concept by Davey Shafik.
Phar fully realized by Gregory Beaver and Marcus Boerger.
Portions of tar implementation Copyright (c) 2003-2009 Tim Kientzle.
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
phar.cache_listno valueno value
phar.readonlyOnOn
phar.require_hashOnOn

posix

POSIX support enabled

readline

Readline Supportenabled
Readline library 5.2
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
cli.pagerno valueno value
cli.prompt\b \> \b \> 

Reflection

Reflection enabled

session

Session Support enabled
Registered save handlers files user
Registered serializer handlers php_serialize php php_binary
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
session.auto_startOffOff
session.cache_expire180180
session.cache_limiternocachenocache
session.cookie_domainno valueno value
session.cookie_httponlyno valueno value
session.cookie_lifetime00
session.cookie_path//
session.cookie_samesiteno valueno value
session.cookie_secure00
session.gc_divisor10001000
session.gc_maxlifetime14401440
session.gc_probability11
session.lazy_writeOnOn
session.namePHPSESSIDPHPSESSID
session.referer_checkno valueno value
session.save_handlerfilesfiles
session.save_path/opt/bitnami/php/tmp/opt/bitnami/php/tmp
session.serialize_handlerphpphp
session.sid_bits_per_character55
session.sid_length2626
session.upload_progress.cleanupOnOn
session.upload_progress.enabledOnOn
session.upload_progress.freq1%1%
session.upload_progress.min_freq11
session.upload_progress.namePHP_SESSION_UPLOAD_PROGRESSPHP_SESSION_UPLOAD_PROGRESS
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1 The slow rise of veganism in Singapore | The Vegan Review
15.4 C
Munich
Wednesday, September 15, 2021

The slow rise of veganism in Singapore

Latest News

Singapore is full of wealthy heritage and rich culture, from its food to its people, but does the city-state have suitable assets to promote a vegan lifestyle?

The concept of veganism in Singapore can be compared to be sitting on the fence about an idea. It isn’t bizarre but some see it as uncommon. However, it is also becoming increasingly popular. Veganism manages to fit amongst Singapore’s diverse culinary culture, which is dominant in meat and seafood.

Singaporeans love consuming meat and even dishes that are full of carbohydrates, like noodles and rice, incorporate some form of seafood or meat. The cuisine is derived from several ethnicities, developing over time with influences from Malaysia, China and India.

Despite this, the mindset of those who live in Singapore may be one of the biggest barriers against veganism not becoming popular at too rapid a rate.

Mark Lin is a dog trainer, as well as the director and co-founder of Society for Animal Matters, a non-profit animal welfare group and rescue. “I’ve been a very big proponent of animal welfare since I was a child. Growing up, I brought home, rescued, cared for and nursed more animals than I can remember,” he says.

singapore vegan
Photo: Marie-Pier Biron

When Lin was eleven, he stopped eating meat and eventually other animal products. “I’m a big believer in being environmentally conscious to make sure we don’t cause any more harm to the earth than we already do through all our actions, but [instead] to respect and love it because of the abundance we receive from it. So I’ve tried to incorporate all of this into my life.”

He adds that Singapore is a “really great place” to be vegan. Lin finds satisfying meals frequently to fulfil his diet, but he believes it can be improved, as one often has to travel to a restaurant to find specific vegan options. However, he adds: “I haven’t had animal products for 17 years and yet I still haven’t tried all the eateries in Singapore.”

He explains how the law plays a large role in shaping the culture of veganism in Singapore, as animal welfare is severely undeveloped: “I’ve met many people who do not see animals — whether dogs or cats or cows — as living beings, but merely objects for our use. Working in animal welfare, I receive this sentiment all the time.”

Nevertheless, he explains that it will take many years for veganism to become very popular in Singapore due to the local lifestyle. “The culture here in Singapore, from work to social, makes it hard for people to be able to live consciously. People here are tense and stressed out, and many are materialists.” At times, it is difficult to have open conversations about veganism and sustainability, as it can often not be well-received, but he hopes that one day, residents may be more open to explore the lifestyle.

Lin describes how the cultural mindset in Singapore seems to have shifted ever so slightly as locals begin to talk about their impact on the Earth and animals suffering. “It was easy for me, but only because I’m a big activist and advocate of animal welfare,” he says.

singapore plant based
Photo: Marie-Pier Biron

Marie-Pier Biron is a yoga teacher who has been living in Singapore for two years. Biron went vegan three years ago after watching What The Health with her husband, fuelling her transition. She tells me about the importance of food in the country: “Singaporeans could cross town to go and taste a new chicken rice that is supposed to be good.”

A large part of Singapore’s culture are its Hawker centres, a type of food court, which allows locals and tourists to explore cheap yet delicious street food. They are filled with a variety of local and regional food stalls, but Asian food is at large in the culinary hub. Popular dishes include chicken rice, and laksa, a spicy coconut milk soup, originally with seafood, tofu and dumplings.

When Biron first moved to Singapore, she struggled to find interesting vegan restaurants and mainly shopped at the local grocery stores.“It was possible to find fresh products and cook at home. One year later, the movement is growing fast,” she reflects. Biron lives with her husband and their 9-month-old daughter. She adds: “Having a kid now, I will raise her as vegan, and I am hopeful I will not be the only one. I hope this next generation will be more conscious.”

Read our story on raising children as vegan.

A trend she has found is that many Singaporean restaurants offer “plant-based” options that aren’t actually plant-based, as they include egg or dairy. She says: “I even saw seafood as a plant-based option. We need to be really careful and ask questions.”

Biron says the movement is growing, but it is still quite small for now: “After two years, I just met a vegan couple, and they’re the first other vegans I know personally.” While the community is positive, despite the overall lack of knowledge from the general population, she adds: “Some restaurants will put in a nice effort to offer traditional cuisine, like Privé. It is a chain in Singapore and the owner is vegan. They offer vegan chicken rice, vegan laksa and Western options as well.”

Yuan Oeij is the chairman and founder of The Privé Group. He transitioned to veganism in 2018. “I came to understand the inherent cruelties in the food system worldwide,” he says, “firstly being aware of what’s happening in the US, Europe and Australia — where there tends to be more coverage — and later after meeting various animal advocates more familiar with the cruelties also happening in developing countries in Asia.”

He started Privé in 2007, which has now grown into a family of 10 outlets in Singapore, and over the past three years, it has gained a strong reputation for offering well-executed plant-based options.

vegan restaurants singapore
Photo: Yuan Oeij

Oeij adds: “We started offering more plant-based options because we wanted to do our part to help reduce animal suffering in the world.” He explains that he wants his restaurants to be inclusive to those with different dietary requirements and beliefs, and therefore catering for omnivores and vegans.

He says: “This way, we make plant-based food accessible, available and appealing to everyone, and expose omnivores to the joys of plant-based eating. This has already happened, as many meat-loving people have tried our vegan food, from our Impossible dishes to our plant-based takes on local favourites and whole-food plant-based creations.”

The branch is experimentative when it comes to its vegan cuisine, honing to traditional Singaporean food, such as with their vegan option of Heura Hainanese ‘Chicken’ Rice, but also Western cuisine, like its take on the McDonald’s McMuffin: the Privé Sausage Muffin using a house-made plant-based sausage patty and cheese.

Gastronomy is so important to the locals in Singapore, but also the chefs that cater to tourists, ensuring that they experience the diversity of the cuisine. “Developing the dishes has been fun, fulfilling and rewarding. The results have been fantastic and well-received by our customers,” says Oeij.

singapore veganism
Photo: Yuan Oeij

The entrepreneur agrees that veganism in Singapore needs to develop further, as most restaurants and eateries are barely vegan-friendly. However, he says: “2020 has certainly been a year where things started improving, with the introduction of modern meat alternatives that are more appealing to the more contemporary restaurants and cafes rather than the traditional casual eateries that cater more to traditional or religious vegetarians.”

He also understands that due to the lifestyle and social nature of Singapore, with its meat-loving culture, veganism can be depicted as unusual. “People still think of veganism as something quite extreme, especially the older generation, who seem to have the extremely strong ingrained belief that being vegan means one will be undernourished and weak.”

Oeij adds: “The majority of Singaporeans are not prepared to be vegan at this point, and it’s better that many people start taking baby steps rather than take a leap only very few are able to.”

Mansi Vithlani
Mansi Vithlani is a journalism student at City, University of London. A vegetarian her whole life and a massive foodie, she enjoys discovering more about veganism and eating vegan cuisine! She enjoys investigating social media based stories and how its influence has made a significant difference in the last few years.

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