PHP logo

PHP Version 7.3.18

System Linux ip-172-26-11-32 4.19.0-14-cloud-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.19.171-2 (2021-01-30) x86_64
Build Date Jun 9 2020 13:01:57
Configure Command './configure' '--prefix=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/php' '--enable-fpm' '--with-fpm-user=daemon' '--with-fpm-group=daemon' '--with-apxs2=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/apache2/bin/apxs' '--with-zlib-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--enable-mbstring=all' '--enable-soap' '--enable-bcmath' '--enable-ftp' '--with-xmlrpc' '--enable-cgi' '--with-imap=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/src/imap-2007f' '--with-imap-ssl=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-png-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-gd' '--with-zlib' '--with-curl=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-jpeg-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--enable-exif' '--with-openssl=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--enable-calendar' '--enable-ctype' '--enable-pcntl' '--enable-session' '--enable-zip' '--with-bz2=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--enable-sockets' '--with-mcrypt=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-icu-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-tidy=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-mysqli=mysqlnd' '--with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd' '--with-pdo_sqlite=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/sqlite' '--with-sqlite3=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/sqlite' '--with-iconv=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-libxml-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-xsl=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--enable-mbstring' '--with-freetype-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-gmp=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-gettext' '--enable-intl' '--with-readline=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-libzip=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-ldap=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--disable-huge-code-pages'
Server API FPM/FastCGI
Virtual Directory Support disabled
Configuration File (php.ini) Path /bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/php/lib
Loaded Configuration File /opt/bitnami/php/etc/php.ini
Scan this dir for additional .ini files (none)
Additional .ini files parsed (none)
PHP API 20180731
PHP Extension 20180731
Zend Extension 320180731
Zend Extension Build API320180731,NTS
PHP Extension Build API20180731,NTS
Debug Build no
Thread Safety disabled
Zend Signal Handling enabled
Zend Memory Manager enabled
Zend Multibyte Support provided by mbstring
IPv6 Support enabled
DTrace Support disabled
Registered PHP Streamshttps, ftps, compress.zlib, compress.bzip2, php, file, glob, data, http, ftp, phar, zip
Registered Stream Socket Transportstcp, udp, unix, udg, ssl, tls, tlsv1.0, tlsv1.1, tlsv1.2
Registered Stream Filterszlib.*, bzip2.*, convert.iconv.*, string.rot13, string.toupper, string.tolower, string.strip_tags, convert.*, consumed, dechunk
Zend logo This program makes use of the Zend Scripting Language Engine:
Zend Engine v3.3.18, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies
    with Zend OPcache v7.3.18, Copyright (c) 1999-2018, by Zend Technologies

Configuration

bcmath

BCMath support enabled
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
bcmath.scale00

bz2

BZip2 Support Enabled
Stream Wrapper support compress.bzip2://
Stream Filter support bzip2.decompress, bzip2.compress
BZip2 Version 1.0.6, 6-Sept-2010

calendar

Calendar support enabled

cgi-fcgi

php-fpm active
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
cgi.discard_path00
cgi.fix_pathinfo11
cgi.force_redirect11
cgi.nph00
cgi.redirect_status_envno valueno value
cgi.rfc2616_headers00
fastcgi.error_headerno valueno value
fastcgi.logging11
fpm.configno valueno value

Core

PHP Version 7.3.18
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
allow_url_fopenOnOn
allow_url_includeOffOff
arg_separator.input&&
arg_separator.output&&
auto_append_fileno valueno value
auto_globals_jitOnOn
auto_prepend_fileno valueno value
browscapno valueno value
default_charsetUTF-8UTF-8
default_mimetypetext/htmltext/html
disable_classesno valueno value
disable_functionsno valueno value
display_errorsOffOff
display_startup_errorsOffOff
doc_rootno valueno value
docref_extno valueno value
docref_rootno valueno value
enable_dlOffOff
enable_post_data_readingOnOn
error_append_stringno valueno value
error_logno valueno value
error_prepend_stringno valueno value
error_reporting498322527
expose_phpOnOn
extension_dir/opt/bitnami/php/lib/php/extensions/opt/bitnami/php/lib/php/extensions
file_uploadsOnOn
hard_timeout22
highlight.comment#FF8000#FF8000
highlight.default#0000BB#0000BB
highlight.html#000000#000000
highlight.keyword#007700#007700
highlight.string#DD0000#DD0000
html_errorsOnOn
ignore_repeated_errorsOffOff
ignore_repeated_sourceOffOff
ignore_user_abortOffOff
implicit_flushOffOff
include_path.:/opt/bitnami/php/lib/php.:/opt/bitnami/php/lib/php
input_encodingno valueno value
internal_encodingno valueno value
log_errorsOnOn
log_errors_max_len10241024
mail.add_x_headerOffOff
mail.force_extra_parametersno valueno value
mail.logno valueno value
max_execution_time120120
max_file_uploads2020
max_input_nesting_level6464
max_input_time300300
max_input_vars10001000
memory_limit512M512M
open_basedirno valueno value
output_buffering40964096
output_encodingno valueno value
output_handlerno valueno value
post_max_size40M40M
precision1414
realpath_cache_size4096K4096K
realpath_cache_ttl120120
register_argc_argvOffOff
report_memleaksOnOn
report_zend_debugOnOn
request_orderGPGP
sendmail_fromno valueno value
sendmail_path/usr/bin/sendmail -t -i /usr/bin/sendmail -t -i 
serialize_precision-1-1
short_open_tagOffOff
SMTPlocalhostlocalhost
smtp_port2525
sys_temp_dirno valueno value
syslog.facilityLOG_USERLOG_USER
syslog.filterno-ctrlno-ctrl
syslog.identphpphp
track_errorsOffOff
unserialize_callback_funcno valueno value
upload_max_filesize40M40M
upload_tmp_dir/opt/bitnami/php/tmp/opt/bitnami/php/tmp
user_dirno valueno value
user_ini.cache_ttl300300
user_ini.filename.user.ini.user.ini
variables_orderGPCSGPCS
xmlrpc_error_number00
xmlrpc_errorsOffOff
zend.assertions-1-1
zend.detect_unicodeOnOn
zend.enable_gcOnOn
zend.multibyteOffOff
zend.script_encodingno valueno value
zend.signal_checkOffOff

ctype

ctype functions enabled

curl

cURL support enabled
cURL Information 7.70.0
Age 6
Features
AsynchDNS Yes
CharConv No
Debug No
GSS-Negotiate No
IDN No
IPv6 Yes
krb4 No
Largefile Yes
libz Yes
NTLM Yes
NTLMWB Yes
SPNEGO No
SSL Yes
SSPI No
TLS-SRP Yes
HTTP2 No
GSSAPI No
KERBEROS5 No
UNIX_SOCKETS Yes
PSL No
HTTPS_PROXY Yes
MULTI_SSL No
BROTLI No
Protocols dict, file, ftp, ftps, gopher, http, https, imap, imaps, ldap, ldaps, pop3, pop3s, rtsp, smb, smbs, smtp, smtps, telnet, tftp
Host x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
SSL Version OpenSSL/1.1.1d
ZLib Version 1.2.11
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
curl.cainfo/opt/bitnami/common/openssl/certs/curl-ca-bundle.crt/opt/bitnami/common/openssl/certs/curl-ca-bundle.crt

date

date/time support enabled
timelib version 2018.03
"Olson" Timezone Database Version 2020.1
Timezone Database internal
Default timezone UTC
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
date.default_latitude31.766731.7667
date.default_longitude35.233335.2333
date.sunrise_zenith90.58333390.583333
date.sunset_zenith90.58333390.583333
date.timezoneUTCUTC

dom

DOM/XML enabled
DOM/XML API Version 20031129
libxml Version 2.9.4
HTML Support enabled
XPath Support enabled
XPointer Support enabled
Schema Support enabled
RelaxNG Support enabled

exif

EXIF Support enabled
Supported EXIF Version 0220
Supported filetypes JPEG, TIFF
Multibyte decoding support using mbstring enabled
Extended EXIF tag formats Canon, Casio, Fujifilm, Nikon, Olympus, Samsung, Panasonic, DJI, Sony, Pentax, Minolta, Sigma, Foveon, Kyocera, Ricoh, AGFA, Epson
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
exif.decode_jis_intelJISJIS
exif.decode_jis_motorolaJISJIS
exif.decode_unicode_intelUCS-2LEUCS-2LE
exif.decode_unicode_motorolaUCS-2BEUCS-2BE
exif.encode_jisno valueno value
exif.encode_unicodeISO-8859-15ISO-8859-15

fileinfo

fileinfo support enabled
libmagic 533

filter

Input Validation and Filtering enabled
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
filter.defaultunsafe_rawunsafe_raw
filter.default_flagsno valueno value

ftp

FTP support enabled
FTPS support enabled

gd

GD Support enabled
GD Version bundled (2.1.0 compatible)
FreeType Support enabled
FreeType Linkage with freetype
FreeType Version 2.4.8
GIF Read Support enabled
GIF Create Support enabled
JPEG Support enabled
libJPEG Version 8
PNG Support enabled
libPNG Version 1.5.26
WBMP Support enabled
XBM Support enabled
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
gd.jpeg_ignore_warning11

gettext

GetText Support enabled

gmp

gmp support enabled
GMP version 6.1.1

hash

hash support enabled
Hashing Engines md2 md4 md5 sha1 sha224 sha256 sha384 sha512/224 sha512/256 sha512 sha3-224 sha3-256 sha3-384 sha3-512 ripemd128 ripemd160 ripemd256 ripemd320 whirlpool tiger128,3 tiger160,3 tiger192,3 tiger128,4 tiger160,4 tiger192,4 snefru snefru256 gost gost-crypto adler32 crc32 crc32b fnv132 fnv1a32 fnv164 fnv1a64 joaat haval128,3 haval160,3 haval192,3 haval224,3 haval256,3 haval128,4 haval160,4 haval192,4 haval224,4 haval256,4 haval128,5 haval160,5 haval192,5 haval224,5 haval256,5

iconv

iconv support enabled
iconv implementation glibc
iconv library version 1.15
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
iconv.input_encodingno valueno value
iconv.internal_encodingno valueno value
iconv.output_encodingno valueno value

imagick

imagick moduleenabled
imagick module version 3.4.3
imagick classes Imagick, ImagickDraw, ImagickPixel, ImagickPixelIterator, ImagickKernel
Imagick compiled with ImageMagick version ImageMagick 6.9.8-3 Q16 x86_64 2020-06-09 http://www.imagemagick.org
Imagick using ImageMagick library version ImageMagick 6.9.8-3 Q16 x86_64 2020-06-09 http://www.imagemagick.org
ImageMagick copyright © 1999-2017 ImageMagick Studio LLC
ImageMagick release date 2020-06-09
ImageMagick number of supported formats: 226
ImageMagick supported formats 3FR, 3G2, 3GP, AAI, AI, ART, ARW, AVI, AVS, BGR, BGRA, BGRO, BMP, BMP2, BMP3, BRF, CAL, CALS, CANVAS, CAPTION, CIN, CIP, CLIP, CMYK, CMYKA, CR2, CRW, CUR, CUT, DATA, DCM, DCR, DCX, DDS, DFONT, DNG, DOT, DPX, DXT1, DXT5, EPDF, EPI, EPS, EPS2, EPS3, EPSF, EPSI, EPT, EPT2, EPT3, ERF, FAX, FILE, FITS, FRACTAL, FTP, FTS, G3, G4, GIF, GIF87, GRADIENT, GRAY, GROUP4, GV, H, HALD, HDR, HISTOGRAM, HRZ, HTM, HTML, HTTP, HTTPS, ICB, ICO, ICON, IIQ, INFO, INLINE, IPL, ISOBRL, ISOBRL6, JNG, JNX, JPE, JPEG, JPG, JPS, JSON, K25, KDC, LABEL, M2V, M4V, MAC, MAGICK, MAP, MASK, MAT, MATTE, MEF, MIFF, MKV, MNG, MONO, MOV, MP4, MPC, MPEG, MPG, MRW, MSL, MSVG, MTV, MVG, NEF, NRW, NULL, ORF, OTB, OTF, PAL, PALM, PAM, PANGO, PATTERN, PBM, PCD, PCDS, PCL, PCT, PCX, PDB, PDF, PDFA, PEF, PES, PFA, PFB, PFM, PGM, PICON, PICT, PIX, PJPEG, PLASMA, PNG, PNG00, PNG24, PNG32, PNG48, PNG64, PNG8, PNM, PPM, PREVIEW, PS, PS2, PS3, PSB, PSD, PTIF, PWP, RADIAL-GRADIENT, RAF, RAS, RAW, RGB, RGBA, RGBO, RGF, RLA, RLE, RMF, RW2, SCR, SCT, SFW, SGI, SHTML, SIX, SIXEL, SPARSE-COLOR, SR2, SRF, STEGANO, SUN, SVG, SVGZ, TEXT, TGA, THUMBNAIL, TIFF, TIFF64, TILE, TIM, TTC, TTF, TXT, UBRL, UBRL6, UIL, UYVY, VDA, VICAR, VID, VIFF, VIPS, VST, WBMP, WEBP, WMF, WMV, WMZ, WPG, X3F, XBM, XC, XCF, XPM, XPS, XV, YCbCr, YCbCrA, YUV
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
imagick.locale_fix00
imagick.progress_monitor00
imagick.skip_version_check00

imap

IMAP c-Client Version 2007f
SSL Support enabled
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
imap.enable_insecure_rshOffOff

intl

Internationalization supportenabled
ICU version 66.1
ICU Data version 66.1
ICU TZData version 2019c
ICU Unicode version 13.0
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
intl.default_localeno valueno value
intl.error_level00
intl.use_exceptions00

json

json support enabled
json version 1.7.0

ldap

LDAP Support enabled
Total Links 0/unlimited
API Version 3001
Vendor Name OpenLDAP
Vendor Version 20423
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
ldap.max_linksUnlimitedUnlimited

libxml

libXML support active
libXML Compiled Version 2.9.4
libXML Loaded Version 20904
libXML streams enabled

mbstring

Multibyte Support enabled
Multibyte string engine libmbfl
HTTP input encoding translation disabled
libmbfl version 1.3.2
oniguruma version 6.9.4
mbstring extension makes use of "streamable kanji code filter and converter", which is distributed under the GNU Lesser General Public License version 2.1.
Multibyte (japanese) regex support enabled
Multibyte regex (oniguruma) backtrack check On
Multibyte regex (oniguruma) version 6.9.4
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
mbstring.detect_orderno valueno value
mbstring.encoding_translationOffOff
mbstring.func_overload00
mbstring.http_inputno valueno value
mbstring.http_outputno valueno value
mbstring.http_output_conv_mimetypes^(text/|application/xhtml\+xml)^(text/|application/xhtml\+xml)
mbstring.internal_encodingno valueno value
mbstring.languageneutralneutral
mbstring.regex_stack_limit100000100000
mbstring.strict_detectionOffOff
mbstring.substitute_characterno valueno value

mysqli

MysqlI Supportenabled
Client API library version mysqlnd 5.0.12-dev - 20150407 - $Id: 7cc7cc96e675f6d72e5cf0f267f48e167c2abb23 $
Active Persistent Links 0
Inactive Persistent Links 0
Active Links 0
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
mysqli.allow_local_infileOffOff
mysqli.allow_persistentOnOn
mysqli.default_hostno valueno value
mysqli.default_port33063306
mysqli.default_pwno valueno value
mysqli.default_socket/opt/bitnami/mysql/tmp/mysql.sock/opt/bitnami/mysql/tmp/mysql.sock
mysqli.default_userno valueno value
mysqli.max_linksUnlimitedUnlimited
mysqli.max_persistentUnlimitedUnlimited
mysqli.reconnectOffOff
mysqli.rollback_on_cached_plinkOffOff

mysqlnd

mysqlndenabled
Version mysqlnd 5.0.12-dev - 20150407 - $Id: 7cc7cc96e675f6d72e5cf0f267f48e167c2abb23 $
Compression supported
core SSL supported
extended SSL supported
Command buffer size 4096
Read buffer size 32768
Read timeout 86400
Collecting statistics Yes
Collecting memory statistics No
Tracing n/a
Loaded plugins mysqlnd,debug_trace,auth_plugin_mysql_native_password,auth_plugin_mysql_clear_password,auth_plugin_sha256_password
API Extensions mysqli,pdo_mysql
mysqlnd statistics
bytes_sent 0
bytes_received 0
packets_sent 0
packets_received 0
protocol_overhead_in 0
protocol_overhead_out 0
bytes_received_ok_packet 0
bytes_received_eof_packet 0
bytes_received_rset_header_packet 0
bytes_received_rset_field_meta_packet 0
bytes_received_rset_row_packet 0
bytes_received_prepare_response_packet 0
bytes_received_change_user_packet 0
packets_sent_command 0
packets_received_ok 0
packets_received_eof 0
packets_received_rset_header 0
packets_received_rset_field_meta 0
packets_received_rset_row 0
packets_received_prepare_response 0
packets_received_change_user 0
result_set_queries 0
non_result_set_queries 0
no_index_used 0
bad_index_used 0
slow_queries 0
buffered_sets 0
unbuffered_sets 0
ps_buffered_sets 0
ps_unbuffered_sets 0
flushed_normal_sets 0
flushed_ps_sets 0
ps_prepared_never_executed 0
ps_prepared_once_executed 0
rows_fetched_from_server_normal 0
rows_fetched_from_server_ps 0
rows_buffered_from_client_normal 0
rows_buffered_from_client_ps 0
rows_fetched_from_client_normal_buffered 0
rows_fetched_from_client_normal_unbuffered 0
rows_fetched_from_client_ps_buffered 0
rows_fetched_from_client_ps_unbuffered 0
rows_fetched_from_client_ps_cursor 0
rows_affected_normal 0
rows_affected_ps 0
rows_skipped_normal 0
rows_skipped_ps 0
copy_on_write_saved 0
copy_on_write_performed 0
command_buffer_too_small 0
connect_success 0
connect_failure 0
connection_reused 0
reconnect 0
pconnect_success 0
active_connections 0
active_persistent_connections 0
explicit_close 0
implicit_close 0
disconnect_close 0
in_middle_of_command_close 0
explicit_free_result 0
implicit_free_result 0
explicit_stmt_close 0
implicit_stmt_close 0
mem_emalloc_count 0
mem_emalloc_amount 0
mem_ecalloc_count 0
mem_ecalloc_amount 0
mem_erealloc_count 0
mem_erealloc_amount 0
mem_efree_count 0
mem_efree_amount 0
mem_malloc_count 0
mem_malloc_amount 0
mem_calloc_count 0
mem_calloc_amount 0
mem_realloc_count 0
mem_realloc_amount 0
mem_free_count 0
mem_free_amount 0
mem_estrndup_count 0
mem_strndup_count 0
mem_estrdup_count 0
mem_strdup_count 0
mem_edupl_count 0
mem_dupl_count 0
proto_text_fetched_null 0
proto_text_fetched_bit 0
proto_text_fetched_tinyint 0
proto_text_fetched_short 0
proto_text_fetched_int24 0
proto_text_fetched_int 0
proto_text_fetched_bigint 0
proto_text_fetched_decimal 0
proto_text_fetched_float 0
proto_text_fetched_double 0
proto_text_fetched_date 0
proto_text_fetched_year 0
proto_text_fetched_time 0
proto_text_fetched_datetime 0
proto_text_fetched_timestamp 0
proto_text_fetched_string 0
proto_text_fetched_blob 0
proto_text_fetched_enum 0
proto_text_fetched_set 0
proto_text_fetched_geometry 0
proto_text_fetched_other 0
proto_binary_fetched_null 0
proto_binary_fetched_bit 0
proto_binary_fetched_tinyint 0
proto_binary_fetched_short 0
proto_binary_fetched_int24 0
proto_binary_fetched_int 0
proto_binary_fetched_bigint 0
proto_binary_fetched_decimal 0
proto_binary_fetched_float 0
proto_binary_fetched_double 0
proto_binary_fetched_date 0
proto_binary_fetched_year 0
proto_binary_fetched_time 0
proto_binary_fetched_datetime 0
proto_binary_fetched_timestamp 0
proto_binary_fetched_string 0
proto_binary_fetched_json 0
proto_binary_fetched_blob 0
proto_binary_fetched_enum 0
proto_binary_fetched_set 0
proto_binary_fetched_geometry 0
proto_binary_fetched_other 0
init_command_executed_count 0
init_command_failed_count 0
com_quit 0
com_init_db 0
com_query 0
com_field_list 0
com_create_db 0
com_drop_db 0
com_refresh 0
com_shutdown 0
com_statistics 0
com_process_info 0
com_connect 0
com_process_kill 0
com_debug 0
com_ping 0
com_time 0
com_delayed_insert 0
com_change_user 0
com_binlog_dump 0
com_table_dump 0
com_connect_out 0
com_register_slave 0
com_stmt_prepare 0
com_stmt_execute 0
com_stmt_send_long_data 0
com_stmt_close 0
com_stmt_reset 0
com_stmt_set_option 0
com_stmt_fetch 0
com_deamon 0
bytes_received_real_data_normal 0
bytes_received_real_data_ps 0

openssl

OpenSSL support enabled
OpenSSL Library Version OpenSSL 1.1.1d 10 Sep 2019
OpenSSL Header Version OpenSSL 1.1.1g 21 Apr 2020
Openssl default config /opt/bitnami/common/openssl/openssl.cnf
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
openssl.cafile/opt/bitnami/common/openssl/certs/curl-ca-bundle.crt/opt/bitnami/common/openssl/certs/curl-ca-bundle.crt
openssl.capathno valueno value

pcntl

pcntl supportenabled

pcre

PCRE (Perl Compatible Regular Expressions) Support enabled
PCRE Library Version 10.32 2018-09-10
PCRE Unicode Version 11.0.0
PCRE JIT Support enabled
PCRE JIT Target x86 64bit (little endian + unaligned)
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
pcre.backtrack_limit10000001000000
pcre.jit11
pcre.recursion_limit100000100000

PDO

PDO supportenabled
PDO drivers mysql, sqlite

pdo_mysql

PDO Driver for MySQLenabled
Client API version mysqlnd 5.0.12-dev - 20150407 - $Id: 7cc7cc96e675f6d72e5cf0f267f48e167c2abb23 $
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
pdo_mysql.default_socket/opt/bitnami/mysql/tmp/mysql.sock/opt/bitnami/mysql/tmp/mysql.sock

pdo_sqlite

PDO Driver for SQLite 3.xenabled
SQLite Library 3.32.2

Phar

Phar: PHP Archive supportenabled
Phar API version 1.1.1
Phar-based phar archives enabled
Tar-based phar archives enabled
ZIP-based phar archives enabled
gzip compression enabled
bzip2 compression enabled
OpenSSL support enabled
Phar based on pear/PHP_Archive, original concept by Davey Shafik.
Phar fully realized by Gregory Beaver and Marcus Boerger.
Portions of tar implementation Copyright (c) 2003-2009 Tim Kientzle.
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
phar.cache_listno valueno value
phar.readonlyOnOn
phar.require_hashOnOn

posix

POSIX support enabled

readline

Readline Supportenabled
Readline library 5.2
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
cli.pagerno valueno value
cli.prompt\b \> \b \> 

Reflection

Reflection enabled

session

Session Support enabled
Registered save handlers files user
Registered serializer handlers php_serialize php php_binary
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
session.auto_startOffOff
session.cache_expire180180
session.cache_limiternocachenocache
session.cookie_domainno valueno value
session.cookie_httponlyno valueno value
session.cookie_lifetime00
session.cookie_path//
session.cookie_samesiteno valueno value
session.cookie_secure00
session.gc_divisor10001000
session.gc_maxlifetime14401440
session.gc_probability11
session.lazy_writeOnOn
session.namePHPSESSIDPHPSESSID
session.referer_checkno valueno value
session.save_handlerfilesfiles
session.save_path/opt/bitnami/php/tmp/opt/bitnami/php/tmp
session.serialize_handlerphpphp
session.sid_bits_per_character55
session.sid_length2626
session.upload_progress.cleanupOnOn
session.upload_progress.enabledOnOn
session.upload_progress.freq1%1%
session.upload_progress.min_freq11
session.upload_progress.namePHP_SESSION_UPLOAD_PROGRESSPHP_SESSION_UPLOAD_PROGRESS
session.upload_progress.prefixupload_progress_upload_progress_
session.use_cookies11
session.use_only_cookies11
session.use_strict_mode00
session.use_trans_sid00

SimpleXML

SimpleXML support enabled
Schema support enabled

soap

Soap Client enabled
Soap Server enabled
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
soap.wsdl_cache11
soap.wsdl_cache_dir/opt/bitnami/php/tmp/opt/bitnami/php/tmp
soap.wsdl_cache_enabled11
soap.wsdl_cache_limit55
soap.wsdl_cache_ttl8640086400

sockets

Sockets Support enabled

SPL

SPL supportenabled
Interfaces OuterIterator, RecursiveIterator, SeekableIterator, SplObserver, SplSubject
Classes AppendIterator, ArrayIterator, ArrayObject, BadFunctionCallException, BadMethodCallException, CachingIterator, CallbackFilterIterator, DirectoryIterator, DomainException, EmptyIterator, FilesystemIterator, FilterIterator, GlobIterator, InfiniteIterator, InvalidArgumentException, IteratorIterator, LengthException, LimitIterator, LogicException, MultipleIterator, NoRewindIterator, OutOfBoundsException, OutOfRangeException, OverflowException, ParentIterator, RangeException, RecursiveArrayIterator, RecursiveCachingIterator, RecursiveCallbackFilterIterator, RecursiveDirectoryIterator, RecursiveFilterIterator, RecursiveIteratorIterator, RecursiveRegexIterator, RecursiveTreeIterator, RegexIterator, RuntimeException, SplDoublyLinkedList, SplFileInfo, SplFileObject, SplFixedArray, SplHeap, SplMinHeap, SplMaxHeap, SplObjectStorage, SplPriorityQueue, SplQueue, SplStack, SplTempFileObject, UnderflowException, UnexpectedValueException

sqlite3

SQLite3 supportenabled
SQLite Library 3.32.2
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
sqlite3.defensive11
sqlite3.extension_dirno valueno value

standard

Dynamic Library Support enabled
Path to sendmail /usr/bin/sendmail -t -i
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
assert.active11
assert.bail00
assert.callbackno valueno value
assert.exception00
assert.quiet_eval00
assert.warning11
auto_detect_line_endings00
default_socket_timeout6060
fromno valueno value
session.trans_sid_hostsno valueno value
session.trans_sid_tagsa=href,area=href,frame=src,form=a=href,area=href,frame=src,form=
url_rewriter.hostsno valueno value
url_rewriter.tagsform=form=
user_agentno valueno value

tidy

Tidy support enabled
libTidy Release 25 March 2009
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
tidy.clean_outputno valueno value
tidy.default_configno valueno value

tokenizer

Tokenizer Support enabled

xml

XML Support active
XML Namespace Support active
libxml2 Version 2.9.4

xmlreader

XMLReader enabled

xmlrpc

core library version xmlrpc-epi v. 0.51
author Dan Libby
homepage http://xmlrpc-epi.sourceforge.net
open sourced by Epinions.com

xmlwriter

XMLWriter enabled

xsl

XSL enabled
libxslt Version 1.1.33
libxslt compiled against libxml Version 2.9.4
EXSLT enabled
libexslt Version 1.1.33

Zend OPcache

Opcode Caching Up and Running
Optimization Enabled
SHM Cache Enabled
File Cache Disabled
Startup OK
Shared memory model mmap
Cache hits 106598339
Cache misses 4334
Used memory 127737216
Free memory 4875632
Wasted memory 1604880
Interned Strings Used memory 6290016
Interned Strings Free memory 1016
Cached scripts 4251
Cached keys 5818
Max keys 16229
OOM restarts 7
Hash keys restarts 0
Manual restarts 54
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
opcache.blacklist_filenameno valueno value
opcache.consistency_checks00
opcache.dups_fixOffOff
opcache.enableOnOn
opcache.enable_cliOffOff
opcache.enable_file_overrideOffOff
opcache.error_logno valueno value
opcache.file_cacheno valueno value
opcache.file_cache_consistency_checks11
opcache.file_cache_only00
opcache.file_update_protection22
opcache.force_restart_timeout180180
opcache.interned_strings_buffer88
opcache.lockfile_path/tmp/tmp
opcache.log_verbosity_level11
opcache.max_accelerated_files1000010000
opcache.max_file_size00
opcache.max_wasted_percentage55
opcache.memory_consumption128128
opcache.opt_debug_level00
opcache.optimization_level0x7FFEBFFF0x7FFEBFFF
opcache.preferred_memory_modelno valueno value
opcache.protect_memory00
opcache.restrict_apino valueno value
opcache.revalidate_freq6060
opcache.revalidate_pathOffOff
opcache.save_comments11
opcache.use_cwdOnOn
opcache.validate_permissionOffOff
opcache.validate_rootOffOff
opcache.validate_timestampsOnOn

zip

Zip enabled
Zip version 1.15.4
Libzip headers version 1.5.1
Libzip library version 1.5.1

zlib

ZLib Supportenabled
Stream Wrapper compress.zlib://
Stream Filter zlib.inflate, zlib.deflate
Compiled Version 1.2.11
Linked Version 1.2.11
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
zlib.output_compressionOffOff
zlib.output_compression_level-1-1
zlib.output_handlerno valueno value

Additional Modules

Module Name

Environment

VariableValue
PHP_PATH /opt/bitnami/php/bin/php
FREETDSLOCALES no value
FREETDSCONF no value
OPENSSL_ENGINES /opt/bitnami/common/lib/engines
OPENSSL_CONF /opt/bitnami/common/openssl/openssl.cnf
SSL_CERT_FILE /opt/bitnami/common/openssl/certs/curl-ca-bundle.crt
CURL_CA_BUNDLE /opt/bitnami/common/openssl/certs/curl-ca-bundle.crt
LDAPCONF /opt/bitnami/common/etc/openldap/ldap.conf
GS_LIB /opt/bitnami/common/share/ghostscript/fonts
MAGICK_CODER_MODULE_PATH /opt/bitnami/common/lib/ImageMagick-6.9.8/modules-Q16/coders
MAGICK_CONFIGURE_PATH /opt/bitnami/common/lib/ImageMagick-6.9.8/config-Q16:/opt/bitnami/common/
MAGICK_HOME /opt/bitnami/common
PATH /opt/bitnami/apps/wordpress/bin:/opt/bitnami/varnish/bin:/opt/bitnami/sqlite/bin:/opt/bitnami/php/bin:/opt/bitnami/mysql/bin:/opt/bitnami/letsencrypt/:/opt/bitnami/apache2/bin:/opt/bitnami/common/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin
USER daemon
HOME /usr/sbin

PHP Variables

VariableValue
$_SERVER['PHP_PATH']/opt/bitnami/php/bin/php
$_SERVER['FREETDSLOCALES']no value
$_SERVER['FREETDSCONF']no value
$_SERVER['OPENSSL_ENGINES']/opt/bitnami/common/lib/engines
$_SERVER['OPENSSL_CONF']/opt/bitnami/common/openssl/openssl.cnf
$_SERVER['SSL_CERT_FILE']/opt/bitnami/common/openssl/certs/curl-ca-bundle.crt
$_SERVER['CURL_CA_BUNDLE']/opt/bitnami/common/openssl/certs/curl-ca-bundle.crt
$_SERVER['LDAPCONF']/opt/bitnami/common/etc/openldap/ldap.conf
$_SERVER['GS_LIB']/opt/bitnami/common/share/ghostscript/fonts
$_SERVER['MAGICK_CODER_MODULE_PATH']/opt/bitnami/common/lib/ImageMagick-6.9.8/modules-Q16/coders
$_SERVER['MAGICK_CONFIGURE_PATH']/opt/bitnami/common/lib/ImageMagick-6.9.8/config-Q16:/opt/bitnami/common/
$_SERVER['MAGICK_HOME']/opt/bitnami/common
$_SERVER['PATH']/opt/bitnami/apps/wordpress/bin:/opt/bitnami/varnish/bin:/opt/bitnami/sqlite/bin:/opt/bitnami/php/bin:/opt/bitnami/mysql/bin:/opt/bitnami/letsencrypt/:/opt/bitnami/apache2/bin:/opt/bitnami/common/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin
$_SERVER['USER']daemon
$_SERVER['HOME']/usr/sbin
$_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME']/index.php
$_SERVER['REQUEST_URI']/how-to-invest-in-vegan-companies/
$_SERVER['QUERY_STRING']no value
$_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD']GET
$_SERVER['SERVER_PROTOCOL']HTTP/1.1
$_SERVER['GATEWAY_INTERFACE']CGI/1.1
$_SERVER['REDIRECT_URL']/how-to-invest-in-vegan-companies/
$_SERVER['REMOTE_PORT']39644
$_SERVER['SCRIPT_FILENAME']/opt/bitnami/apps/wordpress/htdocs/index.php
$_SERVER['SERVER_ADMIN']you@example.com
$_SERVER['CONTEXT_DOCUMENT_ROOT']/opt/bitnami/apps/wordpress/htdocs
$_SERVER['CONTEXT_PREFIX']no value
$_SERVER['REQUEST_SCHEME']https
$_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT']/opt/bitnami/apps/wordpress/htdocs
$_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR']3.227.235.216
$_SERVER['SERVER_PORT']443
$_SERVER['SERVER_ADDR']172.26.11.32
$_SERVER['SERVER_NAME']staging.theveganreview.com
$_SERVER['SERVER_SOFTWARE']Apache
$_SERVER['SERVER_SIGNATURE']no value
$_SERVER['LD_LIBRARY_PATH']/opt/bitnami/sqlite/lib:/opt/bitnami/mysql/lib:/opt/bitnami/apache2/lib:/opt/bitnami/common/lib:/opt/bitnami/sqlite/lib:/opt/bitnami/mysql/lib:/opt/bitnami/apache2/lib:/opt/bitnami/common/lib:/opt/bitnami/varnish/lib:/opt/bitnami/varnish/lib/varnish:/opt/bitnami/varnish/lib/varnish/vmods:/opt/bitnami/sqlite/lib:/opt/bitnami/mysql/lib:/opt/bitnami/apache2/lib:/opt/bitnami/common/lib:/opt/bitnami/common/lib64
$_SERVER['HTTP_CONNECTION']Keep-Alive
$_SERVER['HTTP_HOST']staging.theveganreview.com
$_SERVER['HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING']br,gzip
$_SERVER['HTTP_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE']Mon, 19 Apr 2021 23:58:19 GMT
$_SERVER['HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE']en-US,en;q=0.5
$_SERVER['HTTP_ACCEPT']text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
$_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT']CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)
$_SERVER['SSL_TLS_SNI']staging.theveganreview.com
$_SERVER['HTTPS']on
$_SERVER['SCRIPT_URI']https://staging.theveganreview.com/how-to-invest-in-vegan-companies/
$_SERVER['SCRIPT_URL']/how-to-invest-in-vegan-companies/
$_SERVER['REDIRECT_STATUS']200
$_SERVER['REDIRECT_SSL_TLS_SNI']staging.theveganreview.com
$_SERVER['REDIRECT_HTTPS']on
$_SERVER['REDIRECT_SCRIPT_URI']https://staging.theveganreview.com/how-to-invest-in-vegan-companies/
$_SERVER['REDIRECT_SCRIPT_URL']/how-to-invest-in-vegan-companies/
$_SERVER['FCGI_ROLE']RESPONDER
$_SERVER['PHP_SELF']/index.php
$_SERVER['REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT']1632208731.9776
$_SERVER['REQUEST_TIME']1632208731

PHP Credits

PHP Group
Thies C. Arntzen, Stig Bakken, Shane Caraveo, Andi Gutmans, Rasmus Lerdorf, Sam Ruby, Sascha Schumann, Zeev Suraski, Jim Winstead, Andrei Zmievski
Language Design & Concept
Andi Gutmans, Rasmus Lerdorf, Zeev Suraski, Marcus Boerger
PHP Authors
ContributionAuthors
Zend Scripting Language Engine Andi Gutmans, Zeev Suraski, Stanislav Malyshev, Marcus Boerger, Dmitry Stogov, Xinchen Hui, Nikita Popov
Extension Module API Andi Gutmans, Zeev Suraski, Andrei Zmievski
UNIX Build and Modularization Stig Bakken, Sascha Schumann, Jani Taskinen
Windows Support Shane Caraveo, Zeev Suraski, Wez Furlong, Pierre-Alain Joye, Anatol Belski, Kalle Sommer Nielsen
Server API (SAPI) Abstraction Layer Andi Gutmans, Shane Caraveo, Zeev Suraski
Streams Abstraction Layer Wez Furlong, Sara Golemon
PHP Data Objects Layer Wez Furlong, Marcus Boerger, Sterling Hughes, George Schlossnagle, Ilia Alshanetsky
Output Handler Zeev Suraski, Thies C. Arntzen, Marcus Boerger, Michael Wallner
Consistent 64 bit support Anthony Ferrara, Anatol Belski
SAPI Modules
ContributionAuthors
Apache 2.0 Handler Ian Holsman, Justin Erenkrantz (based on Apache 2.0 Filter code)
CGI / FastCGI Rasmus Lerdorf, Stig Bakken, Shane Caraveo, Dmitry Stogov
CLI Edin Kadribasic, Marcus Boerger, Johannes Schlueter, Moriyoshi Koizumi, Xinchen Hui
Embed Edin Kadribasic
FastCGI Process Manager Andrei Nigmatulin, dreamcat4, Antony Dovgal, Jerome Loyet
litespeed George Wang
phpdbg Felipe Pena, Joe Watkins, Bob Weinand
Module Authors
ModuleAuthors
BC Math Andi Gutmans
Bzip2 Sterling Hughes
Calendar Shane Caraveo, Colin Viebrock, Hartmut Holzgraefe, Wez Furlong
COM and .Net Wez Furlong
ctype Hartmut Holzgraefe
cURL Sterling Hughes
Date/Time Support Derick Rethans
DB-LIB (MS SQL, Sybase) Wez Furlong, Frank M. Kromann, Adam Baratz
DBA Sascha Schumann, Marcus Boerger
DOM Christian Stocker, Rob Richards, Marcus Boerger
enchant Pierre-Alain Joye, Ilia Alshanetsky
EXIF Rasmus Lerdorf, Marcus Boerger
fileinfo Ilia Alshanetsky, Pierre Alain Joye, Scott MacVicar, Derick Rethans, Anatol Belski
Firebird driver for PDO Ard Biesheuvel
FTP Stefan Esser, Andrew Skalski
GD imaging Rasmus Lerdorf, Stig Bakken, Jim Winstead, Jouni Ahto, Ilia Alshanetsky, Pierre-Alain Joye, Marcus Boerger
GetText Alex Plotnick
GNU GMP support Stanislav Malyshev
Iconv Rui Hirokawa, Stig Bakken, Moriyoshi Koizumi
IMAP Rex Logan, Mark Musone, Brian Wang, Kaj-Michael Lang, Antoni Pamies Olive, Rasmus Lerdorf, Andrew Skalski, Chuck Hagenbuch, Daniel R Kalowsky
Input Filter Rasmus Lerdorf, Derick Rethans, Pierre-Alain Joye, Ilia Alshanetsky
InterBase Jouni Ahto, Andrew Avdeev, Ard Biesheuvel
Internationalization Ed Batutis, Vladimir Iordanov, Dmitry Lakhtyuk, Stanislav Malyshev, Vadim Savchuk, Kirti Velankar
JSON Jakub Zelenka, Omar Kilani, Scott MacVicar
LDAP Amitay Isaacs, Eric Warnke, Rasmus Lerdorf, Gerrit Thomson, Stig Venaas
LIBXML Christian Stocker, Rob Richards, Marcus Boerger, Wez Furlong, Shane Caraveo
Multibyte String Functions Tsukada Takuya, Rui Hirokawa
MySQL driver for PDO George Schlossnagle, Wez Furlong, Ilia Alshanetsky, Johannes Schlueter
MySQLi Zak Greant, Georg Richter, Andrey Hristov, Ulf Wendel
MySQLnd Andrey Hristov, Ulf Wendel, Georg Richter, Johannes Schlüter
OCI8 Stig Bakken, Thies C. Arntzen, Andy Sautins, David Benson, Maxim Maletsky, Harald Radi, Antony Dovgal, Andi Gutmans, Wez Furlong, Christopher Jones, Oracle Corporation
ODBC driver for PDO Wez Furlong
ODBC Stig Bakken, Andreas Karajannis, Frank M. Kromann, Daniel R. Kalowsky
Opcache Andi Gutmans, Zeev Suraski, Stanislav Malyshev, Dmitry Stogov, Xinchen Hui
OpenSSL Stig Venaas, Wez Furlong, Sascha Kettler, Scott MacVicar
Oracle (OCI) driver for PDO Wez Furlong
pcntl Jason Greene, Arnaud Le Blanc
Perl Compatible Regexps Andrei Zmievski
PHP Archive Gregory Beaver, Marcus Boerger
PHP Data Objects Wez Furlong, Marcus Boerger, Sterling Hughes, George Schlossnagle, Ilia Alshanetsky
PHP hash Sara Golemon, Rasmus Lerdorf, Stefan Esser, Michael Wallner, Scott MacVicar
Posix Kristian Koehntopp
PostgreSQL driver for PDO Edin Kadribasic, Ilia Alshanetsky
PostgreSQL Jouni Ahto, Zeev Suraski, Yasuo Ohgaki, Chris Kings-Lynne
Pspell Vlad Krupin
Readline Thies C. Arntzen
Recode Kristian Koehntopp
Reflection Marcus Boerger, Timm Friebe, George Schlossnagle, Andrei Zmievski, Johannes Schlueter
Sessions Sascha Schumann, Andrei Zmievski
Shared Memory Operations Slava Poliakov, Ilia Alshanetsky
SimpleXML Sterling Hughes, Marcus Boerger, Rob Richards
SNMP Rasmus Lerdorf, Harrie Hazewinkel, Mike Jackson, Steven Lawrance, Johann Hanne, Boris Lytochkin
SOAP Brad Lafountain, Shane Caraveo, Dmitry Stogov
Sockets Chris Vandomelen, Sterling Hughes, Daniel Beulshausen, Jason Greene
Sodium Frank Denis
SPL Marcus Boerger, Etienne Kneuss
SQLite 3.x driver for PDO Wez Furlong
SQLite3 Scott MacVicar, Ilia Alshanetsky, Brad Dewar
System V Message based IPC Wez Furlong
System V Semaphores Tom May
System V Shared Memory Christian Cartus
tidy John Coggeshall, Ilia Alshanetsky
tokenizer Andrei Zmievski, Johannes Schlueter
WDDX Andrei Zmievski
XML Stig Bakken, Thies C. Arntzen, Sterling Hughes
XMLReader Rob Richards
xmlrpc Dan Libby
XMLWriter Rob Richards, Pierre-Alain Joye
XSL Christian Stocker, Rob Richards
Zip Pierre-Alain Joye, Remi Collet
Zlib Rasmus Lerdorf, Stefan Roehrich, Zeev Suraski, Jade Nicoletti, Michael Wallner
PHP Documentation
Authors Mehdi Achour, Friedhelm Betz, Antony Dovgal, Nuno Lopes, Hannes Magnusson, Philip Olson, Georg Richter, Damien Seguy, Jakub Vrana, Adam Harvey
Editor Peter Cowburn
User Note Maintainers Daniel P. Brown, Thiago Henrique Pojda
Other Contributors Previously active authors, editors and other contributors are listed in the manual.
PHP Quality Assurance Team
Ilia Alshanetsky, Joerg Behrens, Antony Dovgal, Stefan Esser, Moriyoshi Koizumi, Magnus Maatta, Sebastian Nohn, Derick Rethans, Melvyn Sopacua, Pierre-Alain Joye, Dmitry Stogov, Felipe Pena, David Soria Parra, Stanislav Malyshev, Julien Pauli, Stephen Zarkos, Anatol Belski, Remi Collet, Ferenc Kovacs
Websites and Infrastructure team
PHP Websites Team Rasmus Lerdorf, Hannes Magnusson, Philip Olson, Lukas Kahwe Smith, Pierre-Alain Joye, Kalle Sommer Nielsen, Peter Cowburn, Adam Harvey, Ferenc Kovacs, Levi Morrison
Event Maintainers Damien Seguy, Daniel P. Brown
Network Infrastructure Daniel P. Brown
Windows Infrastructure Alex Schoenmaker

PHP License

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the PHP License as published by the PHP Group and included in the distribution in the file: LICENSE

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

If you did not receive a copy of the PHP license, or have any questions about PHP licensing, please contact license@php.net.

1 Making your first vegan investment | The Vegan Review
17 C
Munich
Saturday, September 18, 2021

Making your first vegan investment

On a mission to fund over a thousand startups in the next decade, vegan impact investor Nathan Kinch walks through the process to invest in a vegan company.

Investing can seem like a daunting thing. It’s a lot of responsibility. The outcome is completely uncertain. But, it can also be a really powerful way to contribute positively to your life and the lives of others.

So, if you’re out there thinking about what you could do to contribute, this article is for you. Specifically, it acts as a very basic starting point. It’s for first-time investors. Think about it as your 101 to investing in vegan companies. I hope it’ll help make some of this process a little clearer and easier to do.

Also, given the way the world works (it often feels like we’re ruled by lawyers…), I have to say upfront that this isn’t investment advice. I’m not telling you to invest in any specific vegan company. I’m here to help give you access to the information that can support your journey, one tiny step at a time.

With that, let’s kick off with some upfront framing.

Starting small

When Damoy, The Vegan Review’s founder, and I were discussing this article, he said: “The main thing I have realised recently is that many people think the title ‘investor’ means you have to have millions and a booming portfolio.’

This is powerful. And he’s absolutely right. From my experience, a lot of people do think that. I used to think that. But it just isn’t the case. Thanks to all different kinds of developments, like Equity Crowdfunding, Angel Syndicates and Special Purpose Vehicles (SPVs), investing directly in startups is more accessible than ever before.

This doesn’t mean it’s easier to invest and make crazy good returns. It might even be harder (statistically speaking). But it does mean you now have the opportunity to start tiny and learn about investing by actually doing it, which, from my perspective, always beats simulated environments.

Direct to the cause

vegan investmentThere are a lot of ways to invest. You might be doing this already if you or your employer contribute to any type of retirement or pension fund. There are lots of issues with that space, unfortunately. That’s for another article. This one is all about investing in startups.

Why?

Well, the main reason is that investing in startups is a way to put your money directly into a cause you want to support. When you invest in the stock market, money basically flows around from investor to investor as part of the buying and selling of that stock. This is different. When you invest in a startup, that money directly contributes to the key activities the startup does to help deliver value and hopefully contribute to the positive impact on the people and communities it serves.

Okay, with the very basics out of the way, let’s get to the good stuff. We’ve structured this as a Q&A. In fact, we actually attempted to crowdsource some of these questions via LinkedIn. You can check out that effort here.

How much money do I need to make an investment?

This is a somewhat challenging question to answer, kinda like most of life. Let’s try to keep it simple.

The first consideration here is not to invest more than you can justifiably lose. This is important. Really important. As of right now, I follow this to a T.

You have to consider a lot of different stuff when making this assessment, the least obvious of which is the opportunity cost. That’s a kind of fancy way of describing what you could have done instead of doing this. So instead of buying that jacket, or taking someone you really like out to dinner (beautiful gesture, of course), you are making a small investment.

There are also some more general considerations, which you’ll actually see as part of most equity crowdfunding platforms, like not investing more than 10% of your net worth in startups. This rule doesn’t apply to you. Remember, we are starting tiny.

What this means in practice is something like this:

  1. You’ll attempt to identify a small sum of disposable income you’re willing to invest. Let’s say it’s $1,000 (not all in the one company; more on that later).
  2. You’ll also consider the things you might be giving up as a result of making this commitment. You want to be happy with the tradeoffs you are making.
  3. You’ll most likely have to start with equity crowdfunding sites like Crowdcube or Republic.
  4. You’ll commit to some level of diversification. Meaning you won’t put all your kale in the one basket. You’ll invest small sums in a few different startups.

But we’re kind of jumping ahead to an extent. All of this assumes that you want to do this, that you have the ability (time, disposable income, some very basic level of knowledge, etc.).

I’m okay with us making those assumptions given the focus of this article.

How do I find vegan companies that are good to invest in?

investing in vegan companiesWe probably need to start by qualifying ‘good’. Let me give you my definition.

For me, good is an early-stage startup that has the opportunity to demonstrably enhance wellbeing through sustainable business practices. This is the highest level summary of our investment thesis at Lamina Community.

For you, good might mean something different. It depends on your purpose, values and principles.

In terms of finding vegan companies to invest in, given the scope we’re proposing, you’re going to stick with Equity Crowdfunding. Angel investing directly or via syndicates is something that might come later, when you’ve got some experience and can justifiably invest 5k or more into each deal.

Some of the platforms I use most frequently to invest in vegan companies are Republic, Crowdcube, Equitise, Funded by Me, and Birchal. There are actually quite a lot. I’ve probably used seven or eight in the last four years.

Start your journey by doing a search. Learn a bit about those that you are legally able to invest in based on where you reside and pay tax in the world (some platforms or even certain campaigns have specific geographical restrictions). Ask folks who are already investing via that platform what their experience has been like. Get started with one or more when you feel you have the confidence to do so.

What do I look for when I find those companies?

Because I invest for impact, I prioritise impact-related metrics (definitely for another post as there’s some complexity and ambiguity in this statement). But, that doesn’t mean I don’t thoughtfully consider stuff that’s super fundamental, like:

  1. The purpose, values and principles of the organisation. In simple terms, why does the organisation exist? What fundamental purpose does it serve?
  2. The founding team composition, their past experience and proxies for credibility: specific and unique expertise that might qualify them to really take advantage of the opportunity they’re presenting. For instance, if you’ve got a cellular biologist as the CEO of a cellular agriculture company, you might assign a little more confidence to some of the ‘team fit’ criteria.
  3. The observable traction, which comes in the form of data — financial and nonfinancial — that the company is able to share. This is super important, but it’s worth noting that, if you’re investing really early, there’s little confidence you can assign to the data. Oh, and past performance isn’t always an indication of future trajectory.
  4. The system or market they are entering and the dynamics — macro and micro — that you might be aware of or can learn about. For instance, I’ve learned a fair bit about the nutritional sciences from some very intentional study over the last six years. That gives me a better than average ability to assess different claims about certain products. I also look to different areas of the behavioural sciences and specifically, the qualities of trustworthiness. This has been the focus of my career. So in short, sticking with what you know isn’t a binary rule, but it can help.
  5. The other people who are investing, among other factors.

When it comes to this stuff, they are a heck of a lot of great resources. My first suggestion would be a quick search for terms like: “What criteria should I prioritise for my first startup investment?”

Don’t stick with this verbatim. Do some dynamic searching. You’ll learn plenty.

Are there any tips and hacks for first-time investors that you would recommend?

I’ve written about a specific approach I use called the Problems Worth Solving Framework in the past. This is one of many things you might consider using to support your decisions.

Other important stuff is:

  1. Connecting with founders directly on platforms like LinkedIn. Developing relationships, regardless of how small your investment might be, can go a long way.
  2. Putting word out to your network that you’re thinking of investing in startups via Equity Crowdfunding. Ask for help. You might be surprised by how many folks come back willing to share things they’ve learned and experienced.

How important is it to have a strategy? And how do I develop one?

A strategy is simply a plan describing how you get from some starting point to some desired end-point. It’s always a speculation, because we never know exactly what the future holds. With that said, I am a firm believer in having at the very least a strategy on a page (basically something super simple that describes how you get from point A to B). Here are the basics of the one-pager I use. Like this article, it’s designed Q&A-style.

Question 1: Where am I now?

This is a simple description of your current state. It could be something like: “I’m just getting started. I’ve decided I want to invest $1,000. I want to put this money directly into companies that align with my personal values.”

Question 2: Where do I want to be?

This is a simple description of a future state that motivates you. For instance: “In 12 months, I want to have made 10 $100 investments in vegan startups. I want to be well on my way to investing more money into more vegan companies.”

Question 3: What will I do to get there?

This is the strategy. It’s the high-level plan that describes what you think will help you close the gap between today and the future you’ve described. It might be something like: “I’m going to start learning about investing, put aside $1,000 and make about one investment every month until the end of the year.”

Question 4: How will I do it?

This is where you start getting into tactics. You’re getting much more specific. Something like: “I’m going to sign up for FoodHack and check it out once each week. I’m going to read The Vegan Review for ten minutes each day. I’m going to start learning about investing in startups by doing a basic course. I’m then going to sign up for a few Equity Crowdfunding Platforms. Then, based on what I’ve learned, I’ll make 10 investments, $100 each, all before the end of the year. For each of these investments, I’ll follow a very simple, documented process where I ask and answer 10 questions. I will only make an investment if I can positively answer each of the ten questions. This is how I will keep the process consistent.”

Question 5: How will I know if I’m making progress?

This is a simple description of what you will measure to keep you informed and motivated. It might end up saying something like: “I will track each deal I review. I will track the number of connections I make with founders and other investors (no point processing their data, just the number is fine). I will track my level of motivation and excitement each month. I will track the ratio between deals reviewed and investments made…”

Hopefully, you get the gist. But again, do your own thinking here. Learn from other people and resources. Bring it all together in a way that’s meaningful and actionable for you.

If you want to talk more about any of this, let’s start a conversation. All of this is complex and often benefits from a more conversational approach.

Here’s to making the world a bit better, one tiny vegan investment at a time.

Nathan Kinch
Nathan is a founder and impact investor. He's spent most of his career helping organisations - from federal governments through to global corporations, fast growing startups and research institutes - design for the qualities of trustworthiness. He's audaciously on track to invest in over a thousand startups by 2031, each contributing positively to a sustainable wellbeing economy. He lives on the Gold Coast with his better half, daughter, two furry friends and a growing fruit and veggie garden. In a previous life he was an athlete.

Latest Posts