PHP logo

PHP Version 7.3.18

System Linux ip-172-26-11-32 4.19.0-14-cloud-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.19.171-2 (2021-01-30) x86_64
Build Date Jun 9 2020 13:01:57
Configure Command './configure' '--prefix=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/php' '--enable-fpm' '--with-fpm-user=daemon' '--with-fpm-group=daemon' '--with-apxs2=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/apache2/bin/apxs' '--with-zlib-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--enable-mbstring=all' '--enable-soap' '--enable-bcmath' '--enable-ftp' '--with-xmlrpc' '--enable-cgi' '--with-imap=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/src/imap-2007f' '--with-imap-ssl=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-png-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-gd' '--with-zlib' '--with-curl=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-jpeg-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--enable-exif' '--with-openssl=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--enable-calendar' '--enable-ctype' '--enable-pcntl' '--enable-session' '--enable-zip' '--with-bz2=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--enable-sockets' '--with-mcrypt=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-icu-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-tidy=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-mysqli=mysqlnd' '--with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd' '--with-pdo_sqlite=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/sqlite' '--with-sqlite3=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/sqlite' '--with-iconv=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-libxml-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-xsl=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--enable-mbstring' '--with-freetype-dir=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-gmp=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-gettext' '--enable-intl' '--with-readline=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-libzip=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--with-ldap=/bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/common' '--disable-huge-code-pages'
Server API FPM/FastCGI
Virtual Directory Support disabled
Configuration File (php.ini) Path /bitnami/lamp73stack-linux-x64/output/php/lib
Loaded Configuration File /opt/bitnami/php/etc/php.ini
Scan this dir for additional .ini files (none)
Additional .ini files parsed (none)
PHP API 20180731
PHP Extension 20180731
Zend Extension 320180731
Zend Extension Build API320180731,NTS
PHP Extension Build API20180731,NTS
Debug Build no
Thread Safety disabled
Zend Signal Handling enabled
Zend Memory Manager enabled
Zend Multibyte Support provided by mbstring
IPv6 Support enabled
DTrace Support disabled
Registered PHP Streamshttps, ftps, compress.zlib, compress.bzip2, php, file, glob, data, http, ftp, phar, zip
Registered Stream Socket Transportstcp, udp, unix, udg, ssl, tls, tlsv1.0, tlsv1.1, tlsv1.2
Registered Stream Filterszlib.*, bzip2.*, convert.iconv.*, string.rot13, string.toupper, string.tolower, string.strip_tags, convert.*, consumed, dechunk
Zend logo This program makes use of the Zend Scripting Language Engine:
Zend Engine v3.3.18, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies
    with Zend OPcache v7.3.18, Copyright (c) 1999-2018, by Zend Technologies

Configuration

bcmath

BCMath support enabled
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
bcmath.scale00

bz2

BZip2 Support Enabled
Stream Wrapper support compress.bzip2://
Stream Filter support bzip2.decompress, bzip2.compress
BZip2 Version 1.0.6, 6-Sept-2010

calendar

Calendar support enabled

cgi-fcgi

php-fpm active
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
cgi.discard_path00
cgi.fix_pathinfo11
cgi.force_redirect11
cgi.nph00
cgi.redirect_status_envno valueno value
cgi.rfc2616_headers00
fastcgi.error_headerno valueno value
fastcgi.logging11
fpm.configno valueno value

Core

PHP Version 7.3.18
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
allow_url_fopenOnOn
allow_url_includeOffOff
arg_separator.input&&
arg_separator.output&&
auto_append_fileno valueno value
auto_globals_jitOnOn
auto_prepend_fileno valueno value
browscapno valueno value
default_charsetUTF-8UTF-8
default_mimetypetext/htmltext/html
disable_classesno valueno value
disable_functionsno valueno value
display_errorsOffOff
display_startup_errorsOffOff
doc_rootno valueno value
docref_extno valueno value
docref_rootno valueno value
enable_dlOffOff
enable_post_data_readingOnOn
error_append_stringno valueno value
error_logno valueno value
error_prepend_stringno valueno value
error_reporting498322527
expose_phpOnOn
extension_dir/opt/bitnami/php/lib/php/extensions/opt/bitnami/php/lib/php/extensions
file_uploadsOnOn
hard_timeout22
highlight.comment#FF8000#FF8000
highlight.default#0000BB#0000BB
highlight.html#000000#000000
highlight.keyword#007700#007700
highlight.string#DD0000#DD0000
html_errorsOnOn
ignore_repeated_errorsOffOff
ignore_repeated_sourceOffOff
ignore_user_abortOffOff
implicit_flushOffOff
include_path.:/opt/bitnami/php/lib/php.:/opt/bitnami/php/lib/php
input_encodingno valueno value
internal_encodingno valueno value
log_errorsOnOn
log_errors_max_len10241024
mail.add_x_headerOffOff
mail.force_extra_parametersno valueno value
mail.logno valueno value
max_execution_time120120
max_file_uploads2020
max_input_nesting_level6464
max_input_time300300
max_input_vars10001000
memory_limit512M512M
open_basedirno valueno value
output_buffering40964096
output_encodingno valueno value
output_handlerno valueno value
post_max_size40M40M
precision1414
realpath_cache_size4096K4096K
realpath_cache_ttl120120
register_argc_argvOffOff
report_memleaksOnOn
report_zend_debugOnOn
request_orderGPGP
sendmail_fromno valueno value
sendmail_path/usr/bin/sendmail -t -i /usr/bin/sendmail -t -i 
serialize_precision-1-1
short_open_tagOffOff
SMTPlocalhostlocalhost
smtp_port2525
sys_temp_dirno valueno value
syslog.facilityLOG_USERLOG_USER
syslog.filterno-ctrlno-ctrl
syslog.identphpphp
track_errorsOffOff
unserialize_callback_funcno valueno value
upload_max_filesize40M40M
upload_tmp_dir/opt/bitnami/php/tmp/opt/bitnami/php/tmp
user_dirno valueno value
user_ini.cache_ttl300300
user_ini.filename.user.ini.user.ini
variables_orderGPCSGPCS
xmlrpc_error_number00
xmlrpc_errorsOffOff
zend.assertions-1-1
zend.detect_unicodeOnOn
zend.enable_gcOnOn
zend.multibyteOffOff
zend.script_encodingno valueno value
zend.signal_checkOffOff

ctype

ctype functions enabled

curl

cURL support enabled
cURL Information 7.70.0
Age 6
Features
AsynchDNS Yes
CharConv No
Debug No
GSS-Negotiate No
IDN No
IPv6 Yes
krb4 No
Largefile Yes
libz Yes
NTLM Yes
NTLMWB Yes
SPNEGO No
SSL Yes
SSPI No
TLS-SRP Yes
HTTP2 No
GSSAPI No
KERBEROS5 No
UNIX_SOCKETS Yes
PSL No
HTTPS_PROXY Yes
MULTI_SSL No
BROTLI No
Protocols dict, file, ftp, ftps, gopher, http, https, imap, imaps, ldap, ldaps, pop3, pop3s, rtsp, smb, smbs, smtp, smtps, telnet, tftp
Host x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
SSL Version OpenSSL/1.1.1d
ZLib Version 1.2.11
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
curl.cainfo/opt/bitnami/common/openssl/certs/curl-ca-bundle.crt/opt/bitnami/common/openssl/certs/curl-ca-bundle.crt

date

date/time support enabled
timelib version 2018.03
"Olson" Timezone Database Version 2020.1
Timezone Database internal
Default timezone UTC
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
date.default_latitude31.766731.7667
date.default_longitude35.233335.2333
date.sunrise_zenith90.58333390.583333
date.sunset_zenith90.58333390.583333
date.timezoneUTCUTC

dom

DOM/XML enabled
DOM/XML API Version 20031129
libxml Version 2.9.4
HTML Support enabled
XPath Support enabled
XPointer Support enabled
Schema Support enabled
RelaxNG Support enabled

exif

EXIF Support enabled
Supported EXIF Version 0220
Supported filetypes JPEG, TIFF
Multibyte decoding support using mbstring enabled
Extended EXIF tag formats Canon, Casio, Fujifilm, Nikon, Olympus, Samsung, Panasonic, DJI, Sony, Pentax, Minolta, Sigma, Foveon, Kyocera, Ricoh, AGFA, Epson
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
exif.decode_jis_intelJISJIS
exif.decode_jis_motorolaJISJIS
exif.decode_unicode_intelUCS-2LEUCS-2LE
exif.decode_unicode_motorolaUCS-2BEUCS-2BE
exif.encode_jisno valueno value
exif.encode_unicodeISO-8859-15ISO-8859-15

fileinfo

fileinfo support enabled
libmagic 533

filter

Input Validation and Filtering enabled
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
filter.defaultunsafe_rawunsafe_raw
filter.default_flagsno valueno value

ftp

FTP support enabled
FTPS support enabled

gd

GD Support enabled
GD Version bundled (2.1.0 compatible)
FreeType Support enabled
FreeType Linkage with freetype
FreeType Version 2.4.8
GIF Read Support enabled
GIF Create Support enabled
JPEG Support enabled
libJPEG Version 8
PNG Support enabled
libPNG Version 1.5.26
WBMP Support enabled
XBM Support enabled
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
gd.jpeg_ignore_warning11

gettext

GetText Support enabled

gmp

gmp support enabled
GMP version 6.1.1

hash

hash support enabled
Hashing Engines md2 md4 md5 sha1 sha224 sha256 sha384 sha512/224 sha512/256 sha512 sha3-224 sha3-256 sha3-384 sha3-512 ripemd128 ripemd160 ripemd256 ripemd320 whirlpool tiger128,3 tiger160,3 tiger192,3 tiger128,4 tiger160,4 tiger192,4 snefru snefru256 gost gost-crypto adler32 crc32 crc32b fnv132 fnv1a32 fnv164 fnv1a64 joaat haval128,3 haval160,3 haval192,3 haval224,3 haval256,3 haval128,4 haval160,4 haval192,4 haval224,4 haval256,4 haval128,5 haval160,5 haval192,5 haval224,5 haval256,5

iconv

iconv support enabled
iconv implementation glibc
iconv library version 1.15
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
iconv.input_encodingno valueno value
iconv.internal_encodingno valueno value
iconv.output_encodingno valueno value

imagick

imagick moduleenabled
imagick module version 3.4.3
imagick classes Imagick, ImagickDraw, ImagickPixel, ImagickPixelIterator, ImagickKernel
Imagick compiled with ImageMagick version ImageMagick 6.9.8-3 Q16 x86_64 2020-06-09 http://www.imagemagick.org
Imagick using ImageMagick library version ImageMagick 6.9.8-3 Q16 x86_64 2020-06-09 http://www.imagemagick.org
ImageMagick copyright © 1999-2017 ImageMagick Studio LLC
ImageMagick release date 2020-06-09
ImageMagick number of supported formats: 226
ImageMagick supported formats 3FR, 3G2, 3GP, AAI, AI, ART, ARW, AVI, AVS, BGR, BGRA, BGRO, BMP, BMP2, BMP3, BRF, CAL, CALS, CANVAS, CAPTION, CIN, CIP, CLIP, CMYK, CMYKA, CR2, CRW, CUR, CUT, DATA, DCM, DCR, DCX, DDS, DFONT, DNG, DOT, DPX, DXT1, DXT5, EPDF, EPI, EPS, EPS2, EPS3, EPSF, EPSI, EPT, EPT2, EPT3, ERF, FAX, FILE, FITS, FRACTAL, FTP, FTS, G3, G4, GIF, GIF87, GRADIENT, GRAY, GROUP4, GV, H, HALD, HDR, HISTOGRAM, HRZ, HTM, HTML, HTTP, HTTPS, ICB, ICO, ICON, IIQ, INFO, INLINE, IPL, ISOBRL, ISOBRL6, JNG, JNX, JPE, JPEG, JPG, JPS, JSON, K25, KDC, LABEL, M2V, M4V, MAC, MAGICK, MAP, MASK, MAT, MATTE, MEF, MIFF, MKV, MNG, MONO, MOV, MP4, MPC, MPEG, MPG, MRW, MSL, MSVG, MTV, MVG, NEF, NRW, NULL, ORF, OTB, OTF, PAL, PALM, PAM, PANGO, PATTERN, PBM, PCD, PCDS, PCL, PCT, PCX, PDB, PDF, PDFA, PEF, PES, PFA, PFB, PFM, PGM, PICON, PICT, PIX, PJPEG, PLASMA, PNG, PNG00, PNG24, PNG32, PNG48, PNG64, PNG8, PNM, PPM, PREVIEW, PS, PS2, PS3, PSB, PSD, PTIF, PWP, RADIAL-GRADIENT, RAF, RAS, RAW, RGB, RGBA, RGBO, RGF, RLA, RLE, RMF, RW2, SCR, SCT, SFW, SGI, SHTML, SIX, SIXEL, SPARSE-COLOR, SR2, SRF, STEGANO, SUN, SVG, SVGZ, TEXT, TGA, THUMBNAIL, TIFF, TIFF64, TILE, TIM, TTC, TTF, TXT, UBRL, UBRL6, UIL, UYVY, VDA, VICAR, VID, VIFF, VIPS, VST, WBMP, WEBP, WMF, WMV, WMZ, WPG, X3F, XBM, XC, XCF, XPM, XPS, XV, YCbCr, YCbCrA, YUV
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
imagick.locale_fix00
imagick.progress_monitor00
imagick.skip_version_check00

imap

IMAP c-Client Version 2007f
SSL Support enabled
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
imap.enable_insecure_rshOffOff

intl

Internationalization supportenabled
ICU version 66.1
ICU Data version 66.1
ICU TZData version 2019c
ICU Unicode version 13.0
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
intl.default_localeno valueno value
intl.error_level00
intl.use_exceptions00

json

json support enabled
json version 1.7.0

ldap

LDAP Support enabled
Total Links 0/unlimited
API Version 3001
Vendor Name OpenLDAP
Vendor Version 20423
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
ldap.max_linksUnlimitedUnlimited

libxml

libXML support active
libXML Compiled Version 2.9.4
libXML Loaded Version 20904
libXML streams enabled

mbstring

Multibyte Support enabled
Multibyte string engine libmbfl
HTTP input encoding translation disabled
libmbfl version 1.3.2
oniguruma version 6.9.4
mbstring extension makes use of "streamable kanji code filter and converter", which is distributed under the GNU Lesser General Public License version 2.1.
Multibyte (japanese) regex support enabled
Multibyte regex (oniguruma) backtrack check On
Multibyte regex (oniguruma) version 6.9.4
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
mbstring.detect_orderno valueno value
mbstring.encoding_translationOffOff
mbstring.func_overload00
mbstring.http_inputno valueno value
mbstring.http_outputno valueno value
mbstring.http_output_conv_mimetypes^(text/|application/xhtml\+xml)^(text/|application/xhtml\+xml)
mbstring.internal_encodingno valueno value
mbstring.languageneutralneutral
mbstring.regex_stack_limit100000100000
mbstring.strict_detectionOffOff
mbstring.substitute_characterno valueno value

mysqli

MysqlI Supportenabled
Client API library version mysqlnd 5.0.12-dev - 20150407 - $Id: 7cc7cc96e675f6d72e5cf0f267f48e167c2abb23 $
Active Persistent Links 0
Inactive Persistent Links 0
Active Links 0
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
mysqli.allow_local_infileOffOff
mysqli.allow_persistentOnOn
mysqli.default_hostno valueno value
mysqli.default_port33063306
mysqli.default_pwno valueno value
mysqli.default_socket/opt/bitnami/mysql/tmp/mysql.sock/opt/bitnami/mysql/tmp/mysql.sock
mysqli.default_userno valueno value
mysqli.max_linksUnlimitedUnlimited
mysqli.max_persistentUnlimitedUnlimited
mysqli.reconnectOffOff
mysqli.rollback_on_cached_plinkOffOff

mysqlnd

mysqlndenabled
Version mysqlnd 5.0.12-dev - 20150407 - $Id: 7cc7cc96e675f6d72e5cf0f267f48e167c2abb23 $
Compression supported
core SSL supported
extended SSL supported
Command buffer size 4096
Read buffer size 32768
Read timeout 86400
Collecting statistics Yes
Collecting memory statistics No
Tracing n/a
Loaded plugins mysqlnd,debug_trace,auth_plugin_mysql_native_password,auth_plugin_mysql_clear_password,auth_plugin_sha256_password
API Extensions mysqli,pdo_mysql
mysqlnd statistics
bytes_sent 0
bytes_received 0
packets_sent 0
packets_received 0
protocol_overhead_in 0
protocol_overhead_out 0
bytes_received_ok_packet 0
bytes_received_eof_packet 0
bytes_received_rset_header_packet 0
bytes_received_rset_field_meta_packet 0
bytes_received_rset_row_packet 0
bytes_received_prepare_response_packet 0
bytes_received_change_user_packet 0
packets_sent_command 0
packets_received_ok 0
packets_received_eof 0
packets_received_rset_header 0
packets_received_rset_field_meta 0
packets_received_rset_row 0
packets_received_prepare_response 0
packets_received_change_user 0
result_set_queries 0
non_result_set_queries 0
no_index_used 0
bad_index_used 0
slow_queries 0
buffered_sets 0
unbuffered_sets 0
ps_buffered_sets 0
ps_unbuffered_sets 0
flushed_normal_sets 0
flushed_ps_sets 0
ps_prepared_never_executed 0
ps_prepared_once_executed 0
rows_fetched_from_server_normal 0
rows_fetched_from_server_ps 0
rows_buffered_from_client_normal 0
rows_buffered_from_client_ps 0
rows_fetched_from_client_normal_buffered 0
rows_fetched_from_client_normal_unbuffered 0
rows_fetched_from_client_ps_buffered 0
rows_fetched_from_client_ps_unbuffered 0
rows_fetched_from_client_ps_cursor 0
rows_affected_normal 0
rows_affected_ps 0
rows_skipped_normal 0
rows_skipped_ps 0
copy_on_write_saved 0
copy_on_write_performed 0
command_buffer_too_small 0
connect_success 0
connect_failure 0
connection_reused 0
reconnect 0
pconnect_success 0
active_connections 0
active_persistent_connections 0
explicit_close 0
implicit_close 0
disconnect_close 0
in_middle_of_command_close 0
explicit_free_result 0
implicit_free_result 0
explicit_stmt_close 0
implicit_stmt_close 0
mem_emalloc_count 0
mem_emalloc_amount 0
mem_ecalloc_count 0
mem_ecalloc_amount 0
mem_erealloc_count 0
mem_erealloc_amount 0
mem_efree_count 0
mem_efree_amount 0
mem_malloc_count 0
mem_malloc_amount 0
mem_calloc_count 0
mem_calloc_amount 0
mem_realloc_count 0
mem_realloc_amount 0
mem_free_count 0
mem_free_amount 0
mem_estrndup_count 0
mem_strndup_count 0
mem_estrdup_count 0
mem_strdup_count 0
mem_edupl_count 0
mem_dupl_count 0
proto_text_fetched_null 0
proto_text_fetched_bit 0
proto_text_fetched_tinyint 0
proto_text_fetched_short 0
proto_text_fetched_int24 0
proto_text_fetched_int 0
proto_text_fetched_bigint 0
proto_text_fetched_decimal 0
proto_text_fetched_float 0
proto_text_fetched_double 0
proto_text_fetched_date 0
proto_text_fetched_year 0
proto_text_fetched_time 0
proto_text_fetched_datetime 0
proto_text_fetched_timestamp 0
proto_text_fetched_string 0
proto_text_fetched_blob 0
proto_text_fetched_enum 0
proto_text_fetched_set 0
proto_text_fetched_geometry 0
proto_text_fetched_other 0
proto_binary_fetched_null 0
proto_binary_fetched_bit 0
proto_binary_fetched_tinyint 0
proto_binary_fetched_short 0
proto_binary_fetched_int24 0
proto_binary_fetched_int 0
proto_binary_fetched_bigint 0
proto_binary_fetched_decimal 0
proto_binary_fetched_float 0
proto_binary_fetched_double 0
proto_binary_fetched_date 0
proto_binary_fetched_year 0
proto_binary_fetched_time 0
proto_binary_fetched_datetime 0
proto_binary_fetched_timestamp 0
proto_binary_fetched_string 0
proto_binary_fetched_json 0
proto_binary_fetched_blob 0
proto_binary_fetched_enum 0
proto_binary_fetched_set 0
proto_binary_fetched_geometry 0
proto_binary_fetched_other 0
init_command_executed_count 0
init_command_failed_count 0
com_quit 0
com_init_db 0
com_query 0
com_field_list 0
com_create_db 0
com_drop_db 0
com_refresh 0
com_shutdown 0
com_statistics 0
com_process_info 0
com_connect 0
com_process_kill 0
com_debug 0
com_ping 0
com_time 0
com_delayed_insert 0
com_change_user 0
com_binlog_dump 0
com_table_dump 0
com_connect_out 0
com_register_slave 0
com_stmt_prepare 0
com_stmt_execute 0
com_stmt_send_long_data 0
com_stmt_close 0
com_stmt_reset 0
com_stmt_set_option 0
com_stmt_fetch 0
com_deamon 0
bytes_received_real_data_normal 0
bytes_received_real_data_ps 0

openssl

OpenSSL support enabled
OpenSSL Library Version OpenSSL 1.1.1d 10 Sep 2019
OpenSSL Header Version OpenSSL 1.1.1g 21 Apr 2020
Openssl default config /opt/bitnami/common/openssl/openssl.cnf
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
openssl.cafile/opt/bitnami/common/openssl/certs/curl-ca-bundle.crt/opt/bitnami/common/openssl/certs/curl-ca-bundle.crt
openssl.capathno valueno value

pcntl

pcntl supportenabled

pcre

PCRE (Perl Compatible Regular Expressions) Support enabled
PCRE Library Version 10.32 2018-09-10
PCRE Unicode Version 11.0.0
PCRE JIT Support enabled
PCRE JIT Target x86 64bit (little endian + unaligned)
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
pcre.backtrack_limit10000001000000
pcre.jit11
pcre.recursion_limit100000100000

PDO

PDO supportenabled
PDO drivers mysql, sqlite

pdo_mysql

PDO Driver for MySQLenabled
Client API version mysqlnd 5.0.12-dev - 20150407 - $Id: 7cc7cc96e675f6d72e5cf0f267f48e167c2abb23 $
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
pdo_mysql.default_socket/opt/bitnami/mysql/tmp/mysql.sock/opt/bitnami/mysql/tmp/mysql.sock

pdo_sqlite

PDO Driver for SQLite 3.xenabled
SQLite Library 3.32.2

Phar

Phar: PHP Archive supportenabled
Phar API version 1.1.1
Phar-based phar archives enabled
Tar-based phar archives enabled
ZIP-based phar archives enabled
gzip compression enabled
bzip2 compression enabled
OpenSSL support enabled
Phar based on pear/PHP_Archive, original concept by Davey Shafik.
Phar fully realized by Gregory Beaver and Marcus Boerger.
Portions of tar implementation Copyright (c) 2003-2009 Tim Kientzle.
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
phar.cache_listno valueno value
phar.readonlyOnOn
phar.require_hashOnOn

posix

POSIX support enabled

readline

Readline Supportenabled
Readline library 5.2
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
cli.pagerno valueno value
cli.prompt\b \> \b \> 

Reflection

Reflection enabled

session

Session Support enabled
Registered save handlers files user
Registered serializer handlers php_serialize php php_binary
DirectiveLocal ValueMaster Value
session.auto_startOffOff
session.cache_expire180180
session.cache_limiternocachenocache
session.cookie_domainno valueno value
session.cookie_httponlyno valueno value
session.cookie_lifetime00
session.cookie_path//
session.cookie_samesiteno valueno value
session.cookie_secure00
session.gc_divisor10001000
session.gc_maxlifetime14401440
session.gc_probability11
session.lazy_writeOnOn
session.namePHPSESSIDPHPSESSID
session.referer_checkno valueno value
session.save_handlerfilesfiles
session.save_path/opt/bitnami/php/tmp/opt/bitnami/php/tmp
session.serialize_handlerphpphp
session.sid_bits_per_character55
session.sid_length2626
session.upload_progress.cleanupOnOn
session.upload_progress.enabledOnOn
session.upload_progress.freq1%1%
session.upload_progress.min_freq11
session.upload_progress.namePHP_SESSION_UPLOAD_PROGRESSPHP_SESSION_UPLOAD_PROGRESS
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PHP Credits

PHP Group
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PHP Authors
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UNIX Build and Modularization Stig Bakken, Sascha Schumann, Jani Taskinen
Windows Support Shane Caraveo, Zeev Suraski, Wez Furlong, Pierre-Alain Joye, Anatol Belski, Kalle Sommer Nielsen
Server API (SAPI) Abstraction Layer Andi Gutmans, Shane Caraveo, Zeev Suraski
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PHP Data Objects Layer Wez Furlong, Marcus Boerger, Sterling Hughes, George Schlossnagle, Ilia Alshanetsky
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Apache 2.0 Handler Ian Holsman, Justin Erenkrantz (based on Apache 2.0 Filter code)
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litespeed George Wang
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BC Math Andi Gutmans
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ctype Hartmut Holzgraefe
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enchant Pierre-Alain Joye, Ilia Alshanetsky
EXIF Rasmus Lerdorf, Marcus Boerger
fileinfo Ilia Alshanetsky, Pierre Alain Joye, Scott MacVicar, Derick Rethans, Anatol Belski
Firebird driver for PDO Ard Biesheuvel
FTP Stefan Esser, Andrew Skalski
GD imaging Rasmus Lerdorf, Stig Bakken, Jim Winstead, Jouni Ahto, Ilia Alshanetsky, Pierre-Alain Joye, Marcus Boerger
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Multibyte String Functions Tsukada Takuya, Rui Hirokawa
MySQL driver for PDO George Schlossnagle, Wez Furlong, Ilia Alshanetsky, Johannes Schlueter
MySQLi Zak Greant, Georg Richter, Andrey Hristov, Ulf Wendel
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Opcache Andi Gutmans, Zeev Suraski, Stanislav Malyshev, Dmitry Stogov, Xinchen Hui
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SPL Marcus Boerger, Etienne Kneuss
SQLite 3.x driver for PDO Wez Furlong
SQLite3 Scott MacVicar, Ilia Alshanetsky, Brad Dewar
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System V Semaphores Tom May
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tidy John Coggeshall, Ilia Alshanetsky
tokenizer Andrei Zmievski, Johannes Schlueter
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XMLReader Rob Richards
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Network Infrastructure Daniel P. Brown
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1 Crossing the waters: The generational journey to being vegan as a Hindu | The Vegan Review
9.8 C
Munich
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

Crossing the waters: The generational journey to being vegan as a Hindu

Mansi Vithlani
Mansi Vithlani is a journalism student at City, University of London. A vegetarian her whole life and a massive foodie, she enjoys discovering more about veganism and eating vegan cuisine! She enjoys investigating social media based stories and how its influence has made a significant difference in the last few years.

While many Hindu families are vegetarian, some previously ate meat before moving to the UK, many still do, and others lead a vegan lifestyle. So how does the Hindu diet fluctuate?

As a Hindu, I have always been a vegetarian and have never eaten any meat. I never questioned my family; it’s a lifestyle I have followed for 20 years and will continue to do so. If someone were to ask me about my diet, my reasoning would always align with religion, and I have been vegetarian since birth — it would never go further than that.

With my grandmother being from Gujarat — a predominantly vegetarian state in India — and then my parents living in Africa (my father in Tanzania and my mother Uganda), they have both eaten meat at some point in their lives. My father is a flexitarian; he ate meat in Tanzania but described it as a “social diet”. After moving to the UK, he gave up meat as when he lived with his Nani and Nana — his maternal grandparents — they were all vegetarian, and so it was easier to follow this diet. He started eating meat at the age of 25 again and has been since, but is now contemplating becoming a vegetarian.

My mother ate meat up until the age of 24 — which is surprising for females, who are usually vegetarian from birth in Hinduism — but she has been a vegetarian ever since. Like my father, my brothers led a vegetarian lifestyle for a while but now consume meat.

This is a common trend among Hindus living in the UK — especially those who didn’t grow up here, but have children who did. However, in terms of religion and delving into Hinduism itself, the majority are vegetarian, but may not be strict ones, despite what our religion prefers.

In Sañatan Hindu Dharma, three factors govern the vegetarian ethic: the law of karma,  ahimsã (non-injury) and dayã (compassion), and Hindu diet purity and spirituality, leading to moksha (liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth) according to publisher Swaminarayan Aksharpith, whose book states: “To kill a living creature is considered a pãp karma, which results in pain, misery or disease, either in this birth or subsequent births” If you add more pãp karmas by eating flesh, this can lead you away from the path of moksha.

hindu vegan
Photo: Shivani Ruparelia

Additionally, from a Hindu perspective, eating flesh can also mean that the individual is equally as responsible for the death of that animal, even if they did not kill it themselves. The Manusmriti verse 5.51 states: “Anyone who sanctions the slaughter of an animal, cuts its flesh, buys, sells, cooks, serves and eats it, are equally the killers.” Arguably, a vegetarian diet does involve injury to plants, but this is to a lower degree than that of killing animals.

Sandeep Ruparelia lived in Uganda before coming to the UK. He says: “I ate meat because my dad told me I could eat it. I didn’t actually know what it was at the time, I just assumed it was food.” He explains that eating meat as a Hindu at such a young age was a norm for him as he trusted what his parents fed him.

He describes that in Africa, eating meat was very common amongst Hindus: “Most older men ate meat to join in with the African tradition, and many men had manual jobs where they would be away for long periods of time and vegetarian food would be hard to find, so it was easier to eat meat.” Nevertheless, moving to the UK, many had a change in their career paths and therefore adjusted their diet to the new lifestyle.

“It was quite normal for men to eat meat and they were encouraged to do so, but for some reason, it was seen as taboo if women ate meat,” he adds. This is a common trait amongst Hindu couples. However, as men were able to spend more time at home and a lot of women were vegetarian, the males’ diets changed. “My father is a prime example of this, as when he came to the UK, he was able to spend more time with my mother, who remained vegetarian her entire life, and this had an influence on his diet.”

He also recognises the discrimination with diets and Hinduism in his generation; in families with mixed siblings, only the men eat meat and the woman don’t — a tendency that has developed over time.

Read more about how meat plays a role in masculinity and traditional gender norms.

Ruparelia had a “religious epiphany” that made him transition to vegetarianism. But it was also because of the ethical reasons and arguments he has learnt from his vegan daughter, which have opened his eyes.

Shivani Ruparelia, like her father, grew up on what she was given. Her father being vegetarian from the age of 20 and her mother vegetarian too, this is the lifestyle she led. However, her parents didn’t forbid her from trying meat, but she chose not to. She tells me a story about when she first saw raw meat being cooked at a family barbecue with some cousins.

 

View this post on Instagram

 

A post shared by Shivani (@kupcakesandkale) on

“I asked my dad and he basically explained what it was. He was quite graphic with his explanation, but he told me that the same way I would cry if a monster took my mum away, a chicken does too.”

Shivani is vegan and went through several stages before she officially labelled herself one. She stopped wearing leather when she was 11 because she saw cows (a sacred symbol of life in Hinduism) in real life and the idea of not eating them but still wearing them seemed hypocritical to her. Then she stopped eating eggs when she was 14, as in India, eggs are considered as non-vegetarian, unlike here. Her transition to veganism began when she turned 16;  she wanted to take care of her health as dairy wasn’t working for her diet.

She says: “I watched Earthlings and cried for the whole weekend. I’ve been vegan ever since.” This was a huge spark in her transition; having studied geography at university, she was inspired by the climate change modules., “By the end of my degree, most of my friends had turned vegetarian or vegan. I think that speaks volume.”

However, as a South Asian vegan, her parents found it difficult to accept her transition at first. She says: “My parents hated it when I first started and thought it was just a phase. It was primarily because of the practicality behind it.”

Her father explains: “It initially was very difficult as she would eat different things than the rest of our family. For example, we used to share a mutual love of paneer and I felt guilty eating the food without her.” But now, he informs her of all the new vegan products that come out and enjoys trying them too. He adds: “My daughter and I now share a mutual love of vegan junk food.”

Her mother was worried, because, like many Indian parents, she thought milk was a superfood essential for your wellbeing. After learning otherwise from Shivani, the family eats a lot of plant-based foods and her mother even uses vegan butter for everything, subbing out the staple in Indian cuisine, ghee. Shivani adds: “I’m now in a really fortunate position as my parents are incredibly supportive and my brother turned vegan five years ago.”

In terms of Hinduism and vegan cuisine, Shivani explains that her mother has actually been subconsciously cooking vegan cuisine for years, as Indian food is simple to veganise. Ahisma, the principle of non-violence is a core part of Hinduism, and so making Indian food vegan is simple. She says: “I genuinely think South Asians have it the easiest when it comes to changing to a vegetarian and vegan diet, as we have such a rich culture of incredible vegetarian foods.”

Check out Indian street food dishes that are traditionally vegan.

Additionally, as a vegan with such a rich culture, she enjoys making Indian vegan food that can be shared in the “family-style”. She now posts her creations on her Instagram page to help fellow Indian vegans.

 

View this post on Instagram

 

A post shared by Shiv Thakkar (@shivcooks) on

Shiv Thakkar, Shivani’s fiancé, has also had quite the diet journey as a Hindu. He grew up with vegetarian parents and was quite fussy, but as he has grown up, he has become more adventurous with his food. His younger brother started eating meat when he was fourteen, and so he also implemented meat into his diet, through university and when he moved to London.

Navratri is a major Hindu festival that spans nine nights and is the celebration of good over evil. During this time, Hindus who eat meat must not eat it for the nine days. Thus, for religious reasons, Shiv stopped consuming meat. This time led him to reflect on his eating habits, and so he decided to stick to vegetarianism.

However, when he met Shivani, he was eating meat at the time. He explains: “Initially I used to tease her about being vegan as I had never met a vegan before. It’s opened my eyes to a whole new world of food as well as made me more conscious about eating food packed with nutrients, vitamins and minerals.”

He adds: “I don’t think I would ever be fully vegan, but I have definitely become more plant-based since we met.”

In terms of religion, the South Asian diet can quite easily be made vegan, and especially as Hindus are not meant to eat eggs, there isn’t a lot that would need to be substituted. There is a huge population of Indians living in the UK that grew up and ate meat in Africa.

Since many have become more religious, many have turned vegan but despite this, there is a large group that still eats meat. It could be deemed as controversial that many Hindus do not follow their diet in terms of the law of karma, ahimsã and dayã. However, it is also interesting to evaluate how diets have developed over time as families have moved to the UK.

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